Fruits and vegetables in the Brazilian Household Budget Survey (2008-2009): carotenoid content and assessment of individual carotenoid intake
Rosso, Veridiana Vera de [UNIFESP]
Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti
Is part ofJournal Of Food Composition And Analysis
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The beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, neoxanthin, violaxanthin concentrations in raw fruits and vegetables were compiled (19 fruits, 24 vegetables, and mixed fruit and salad dishes), using data from foods collected and analyzed in Brazil, by means of high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection. The food intake was obtained from the Food Consumption Module of the Household Budget Survey (2008-2009), recorded in 13569 households, representative of all Brazilian regions. Vegetables contributed more to vitamin A intake than fruits (70.3% vs 21.5% retinol equivalents), raw salads, pumpkin, kale and carrot being the main contributors. The mean dietary intakes of fruits (86 g/d) and vegetables (64 gid) did not meet the recommendation of the WHO/ FAO. All food items supplied beta-carotene (0.9 mg/p/d), the major contributors being kale, pumpkin and mango. beta-Cryptoxanthin (0.1 mg/p/d) was mostly supplied by orange, tangerine and papaya"(87.4% of its intake). Lycopene (0.7 mg/p/d) was found only in guava, watermelon and tomato. Lutein (0.8 mg/p/d), violaxanthin and neoxanthin (0.6 and 0.2 mg/p/d, respectively), were mainly supplied by green leafy vegetables and beta-carotene (0.16 mg/p/d) and zeaxanthin (0.06 mg/p/d) by a small number of foods. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitationJournal Of Food Composition And Analysis. San Diego, v. 50, p. 88-96, 2016.
KeywordsFruits and vegetables
Household budget survey
SponsorshipFundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
program iLINK+ for the promotion of scientific international collaboration of CSIC with foreign institutions from the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC)
Ciencia y Tecnologia para el Desarrollo (CYTED) program
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