Pain after sternotomy - review

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Data
2016
Autores
Santana Huang, Ana Paula [UNIFEP]
Sakata, Rioko Kimiko [UNIFESP]
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Background and objective: Adequate analgesia after sternotomy reduces postoperative adverse events. There are various methods of treating pain after heart surgery, such as infiltration with a local anesthetic, nerve block, opioids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alpha-adrenergic agents, intrathecal and epidural techniques, and multimodal analgesia. Content: A review of the epidemiology, pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of pain after sternotomy. We also discuss the various analgesic therapeutic modalities, emphasizing advantages and disadvantages of each technique. Conclusions: Heart surgery is performed mainly via medium sternotomy, which results in significant postoperative pain and a non-negligible incidence of chronic pain. Effective pain control improves patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. There is no clearly superior technique. It is believed that a combined multimodal analgesic regimen (using different techniques) is the best approach for treating postoperative pain, maximizing analgesia and reducing side effects. (C) 2015 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda.
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Revista Brasileira De Anestesiologia. New York, v. 66, n. 4, p. 395-401, 2016.
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