Exposure to crack cocaine causes adverse effects on marine mussels Perna perna

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Data
2017
Autores
Maranho, Luciane Alves [UNIFESP]
Fontes, Mayana Karoline [UNIFESP]
Kamimura, A. S. S.
Nobre, Caio Rodrigues
Moreno, Beatriz Barbosa [UNIFESP]
Pusceddu, Fabio Hermes
Cortez, Fernando Sanzi
Lebre, Daniel T.
Marques, Joyce Rodrigues
Abessa, Denis Moledo de Souza
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Our study aimed to evaluate crack cocaine effects in different life stages of the marine mussel Perna perm. For this purpose, fertilization rate, embryo-larval development, lysosomal membrane stability and DNA strand breaks were assessed. Effect concentrations in gametes and in larval development were found after 1 h (IC50 = 23.53 mg.L-1) and 48 h (IC50 = 16.31 mg.L-1),respectively. The highest tested concentration showing no acute toxicity (NOEC) was 10 mg.L-1, while the lowest observed effect concentration (LOEC) was 20 mg.L-1. NOEC concerning embryo-larval development was 0.625 mg.L-1, while the LOEC was 1.25 mg.L-1. Cyto-genotoxic effects were evidenced in mussels exposed to crack cocaine concentrations ranging from 5 to 500 mu g.L-1. Our results report the first data on effects of an illicit drug to marine organisms and should encourage further ecotoxicological studies of these contaminants of emerging concern in coastal ecosystems.
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Marine Pollution Bulletin. Oxford, v. 123, n. 43497, p. 410-414, 2017.