Assessment and nutrition education in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Almeida, Claudinea dos Santos [UNIFESP]
Stanich, Patricia [UNIFESP]
Salvioni, Cristina Cleide dos Santos [UNIFESP]
Diccini, Solange [UNIFESP]
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Neurological patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) often deteriorate to a worsening nutritional status. The aim of this study was to compare the nutritional status and food intake after nutrition education in patients with ALS. Clinical, anthropometric and functional variables were analyzed. Fifty-three patients were monitored at an early stage of the disease. The average score on the functionality scale was 33 points. Initially only 3.8% were classified as low body weight. After three months, 50% showed significant variation in anthropometric measures related to muscle mass and body fat reserves without association with clinical variables. After nutritional guidance, there was an increase in the intake of all food groups, especially the dairy group (p < 0.05). The change of the nutritional status occurs early in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, even in those previously eutrophic or over weight. There was an increase in food intake after nutritional guidance according to the food guide adapted to the Brazilian population.
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