Morphometric MRI features are associated with surgical outcome in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis

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Fernandes Castilho Garcia, Maria Teresa [UNIFESP]
Gaca, Larissa Botelho [UNIFESP]
Sandim, Gabriel Barbosa [UNIFESP]
Assuncao Leme, Idaiane Batista
Carrete Junior, Henrique [UNIFESP]
Centeno, Ricardo Silva [UNIFESP]
Sato, Joao Ricardo
Targas Yacubian, Elza Marcia [UNIFESP]
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Purpose: Corticoamygdalohippocampectomy (CAH) improves seizure control, quality of life, and decreases mortality for refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS). One-third of patients continue having seizures, and it is pivotal to determine structural abnormalities that might influence the postoperative outcome. Studies indicate that nonhippocampal regions may play a role in the epileptogenic network in MTLE-HS and could generate seizures postoperatively. The aim of this study is to analyze areas of atrophy, not always detected on routine MRI, comparing patients who became seizure free (SF) with those non seizure free (NSF) after CAH, in an attempt to establish possible predictors of surgical outcome. Methods:105 patients with refractory MTLE-HS submitted to CAH (59 left MTLE
46 males) and 47 controls were enrolled. FreeSurfer was performed for cortical thickness and volume estimation comparing patients to controls and SF versus NSF patients. The final sample after post processing procedures resulted in 99 patients. Results: Cortical thickness analyses showed reductions in left insula in NSF patients compared to those SF. Significant volume reductions in SF patients were present in bilateral thalami, hippocampi and pars opercularis, left parahippocampal gyrus and right temporal pole. In NSF patients reductions were present bilaterally in thalami, hippocampi, entorhinal cortices, superior frontal and supramarginal gyri
on the left: superior and middle temporal gyri, temporal pole, parahippocampal gyrus, pars opercularis and middle frontal gyrus
and on the right: precentral, superior, middle and inferior temporal gyri. Comparison between SF and NSF patients showed ipsilateral gray matter reductions in the right entorhinal cortex (p = 0.003) and contralateral parahippocampal gyrus (p = 0.05) in right MTLE-HS. Patients NSF had a longer duration of epilepsy than those SF (p = 0.028). Conclusion: NSF patients exhibited more extensive areas of atrophy than SF ones. As entorhinal cortex and parahippocampal gyrus are reduced in NSF patients compared to those SF these structures might be implicated in the network responsible for the maintenance of postoperative seizures. Duration of epilepsy is a predictor of seizure outcome. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Epilepsy Research. Amsterdam, v. 132, p. 78-83, 2017.