Physical fitness and academic performance in youth: A systematic review

Physical fitness and academic performance in youth: A systematic review

Author Santana, C. C. A. Google Scholar
Azevedo, L. B. Google Scholar
Cattuzzo, M. T. Google Scholar
Hill, J. O. Google Scholar
Andrade, L. P. Google Scholar
Prado, W. L. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Physical fitness (PF) is a construct of health- and skill-related attributes which have been associated with academic performance (AP) in youth. This study aimed to review the scientific evidence on the association among components of PF and AP in children and adolescents. A systematic review of articles using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO, and Web of Science was undertaken. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between at least one component of PF and AP in children and adolescents, published between 1990 and June 2016, were included. Independent extraction of articles was carried out by the two authors using predefined data fields. From a total of 45 studies included, 25 report a positive association between components of PF with AP and 20 describe a single association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and AP. According to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology guidelines: 12 were classified as low, 32 as medium risk, and 1 as high risk of bias. Thirty-one studies reported a positive association between AP and CRF, six studies with muscular strength, three studies with flexibility, and seven studies reported a positive association between clustered of PF components and AP. The magnitude of the associations is weak to moderate (=0.10-0.42 and odds=1.01-4.14). There is strong evidence for a positive association between CRF and cluster of PF with AP in cross-sectional studies

and evidence from longitudinal studies for a positive association between cluster of PF and AP

the relationship between muscular strength and flexibility with AP remains uncertain.
Keywords Physical education
physical activity
physical fitness
school performance
school attendance
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Hoboken
Language English
Sponsor Medical Research Council
Grant number Medical Research Council: MR/K02325X/1
Date 2017
Published in Scandinavian Journal Of Medicine & Science In Sports. Hoboken, v. 27, n. 6, p. 579-603, 2017.
ISSN 0905-7188 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Wiley
Extent 579-603
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000400610600002

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