Saturated Fatty Acid Intake Can Influence Increase in Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 in Obese Adolescents

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2014-04-01
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Masquio, Deborah Cristina Landi [UNIFESP]
Piano, Aline de [UNIFESP]
Campos, Raquel Munhoz da Silveira [UNIFESP]
Sanches, Priscila de Lima [UNIFESP]
Corgosinho, Flavia Campos [UNIFESP]
Carnier, June [UNIFESP]
Oyama, Lila Missae [UNIFESP]
Nascimento, Claudia Maria da Penha Oller do [UNIFESP]
Mello, Marco Tulio de [UNIFESP]
Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
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The aim of this study was to verify if saturated fatty acid intake adjusted by tertiles can influence metabolic, inflammation, and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) in obese adolescents. Body mass, height, body mass index, waist circumference, blood pressure, and body composition of 108 obese adolescents were obtained. Fasting glucose, insulin, PAI-1, and CRP were determined. Insulin resistance was assessed by Homeostasis Model Assessment (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitivity by Quantitative Insulin Sensitivity Check Index (QUICKI). Dietetic intake was estimated by a 3-day dietary record, and volunteers were divided according to consumption of saturated fatty acids: tertile 1 [Low Saturated Fatty Acid Intake (Low-SFA): <= 12.14 g], tertile 2 [Moderate Saturated Fatty Intake (Moderate SFA intake): 12.15-20.48 g], and tertile 3 [High Saturated Fatty Acid Intake (High-SFA Intake); >20.48 g]. Statistical analysis was performed using STATISTICA 7.0 software and the significance level was set at p < 0.05. the most important finding in the present study is that Moderate and High-SFA intakes presented significantly higher values of PAI-1 than Low-SFA Intake. PAI-1 was positively associated with saturated fatty intake, waist circumference, mean blood pressure, and HOMA-IR. SFA intake was predictor of PAI-1 independent of body fat, HOMA-IR and total-cholesterol. in addition, PAI-1 was an independent predictor of blood pressure. HOMA-IR and QUICKI presented significantly higher and lower, respectively, in High-SFA compared to Moderate-SFA intake. High-SFA influenced cardiovascular disease risks, since it increased PAI-1 and insulin resistance, and decreased insulin sensibility, leading to vicious cycle among food ingestion, pro-thrombotic state, and cardiovascular risks in obese adolescents. Supporting Information for this article is available online at http://www.thieme-connect.de/ejournals/toc/hmr
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Hormone and Metabolic Research. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme Verlag Kg, v. 46, n. 4, p. 245-251, 2014.
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