The renal and hepatic distribution of Bence Jones proteins depends on glycosylation: A scintigraphic study in rats
Prado, Maria José Brandão de Almeida [UNIFESP]
Nicastri, Ana Lucia
Costa, P. L. A.
Tersariol, Ivarne Luis dos Santos [UNIFESP]
Nader, Helena Bonciani [UNIFESP]
Barros, Rubens Toledo
Prado, Euthymia Brandão de Almeida
Is part ofBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
MetadataShow full item record
The aim of the present study was to evaluate renal and liver distribution of two monoclonal immunoglobulin light chains. the chains were purified individually from the urine of patients with multiple myeloma and characterized as lambda light chains with a molecular mass of 28 kDa. They were named BJg (high amount of galactose residues exposed) and BJs (sialic acid residues exposed) on the basis of carbohydrate content. A scintigraphic study was performed on male Wistar rats weighing 250 g for 60 min after iv administration of 1 mg of each protein (7.4 MBq), as the intact proteins and also after carbohydrate oxidation. Images were obtained with a Siemens gamma camera with a high-resolution collimator and processed with a MicroDelta system. Hepatic and renal distribution were established and are reported as percent of injected dose. Liver uptake of BJg was significantly higher than liver uptake of BJs (94.3 vs 81.4%) (P<0.05). This contributed to its greater removal from the intravascular compartment, and consequently lower kidney accumulation of BJg in comparison to BJs (5.7 vs 18.6%) (P<0.05). After carbohydrate oxidation, there was a decrease in hepatic accumulation of both proteins and consequently a higher renal overload. the tissue distribution of periodate-treated BJg was similar to that of native BJs: 82.7 vs 81.4% in the liver and 17.3 vs 18.6% in the kidneys. These observations indicate the important role of sugar residues of Bence Jones proteins for their recognition by specific membrane receptors, which leads to differential tissue accumulation and possible toxicity.
CitationBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. São Paulo: Assoc Bras Divulg Cientifica, v. 30, n. 7, p. 865-872, 1997.
- EPM - Artigos