Electroretinography Reveals Difference in Cone Function between Syndromic and Nonsyndromic USH2A Patients
Sengillo, Jesse D.
Cabral, Thiago [UNIFESP]
Sparrow, Janet R.
Mahajan, Vinit B.
Tsang, Stephen H.
Is part ofScientific Reports
MetadataShow full item record
Usher syndrome is an inherited and irreversible disease that manifests as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and bilateral neurosensory hearing loss. Mutations in Usherin 2A (USH2A) are not only a frequent cause of Usher syndrome, but also nonsyndromic RP. Although gene-and cell-based therapies are on the horizon for RP and Usher syndrome, studies characterizing natural disease are lacking. In this retrospective analysis, retinal function of USH2A patients was quantified with electroretinography. Both groups had markedly reduced rod and cone responses, but nonsyndromic USH2A patients had 30 Hz-flicker electroretinogram amplitudes that were significantly higher than syndromic patients, suggesting superior residual cone function. There was a tendency for Usher syndrome patients to have a higher distribution of severe mutations, and alleles in this group had a higher odds of containing nonsense or frame-shift mutations. These data suggest that the previously reported severe visual phenotype seen in syndromic USH2A patients could relate to a greater extent of cone dysfunction. Additionally, a genetic threshold may exist where mutation burden relates to visual phenotype and the presence of hearing deficits. The auditory phenotype and allelic hierarchy observed among patients should be considered in prospective studies of disease progression and during enrollment for future clinical trials.
CitationScientific Reports. London, v. 7, p. -, 2017.
SponsorshipNational Institute of Health
National Cancer Institute
Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB)
RPB, New York, NY, USA
International Council of Ophthalmology - Retina Research Foundation
Tistou and Charlotte Kerstan Foundation
Schneeweiss Stem Cell Fund, New York State
Foundation Fighting Blindness New York Regional Research Center
Crowley Family Fund
Gebroe Family Foundation
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