Bone Mass Outcomes in Patients With Osteoporosis Treated With Risedronate After Alendronate Failure: a 12-Month Follow-Up Study

Bone Mass Outcomes in Patients With Osteoporosis Treated With Risedronate After Alendronate Failure: a 12-Month Follow-Up Study

Author Mendonca, Leonardo Teixeira Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pinheiro, Marcelo Medeiros Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Szejnfeld, Vera Lucia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Castro, Charlles Heldan de Moura Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Oral bisphosphonates are the drugs most frequently used for the treatment of osteoporosis. Clinicians usually switch between these drugs in clinical practice based on differences in efficacy. We aim to investigate the reasons associated with switching between oral bisphosphonates and to evaluate bone mass response and the incidence of fractures 12 mo after the exchange in a cohort of patients with osteoporosis seen at a tertiary hospital. Patients with osteoporosis who switched between oral bisphosphonates between January 2007 and December 2014 were included. Bone mass measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and the incidence of fracture were evaluated. A total of 112 patients (73.1 yr old on average, 95.5% women, 98% postmenopausal) were included. All patients were taking alendronate at the time of the switch to risedronate. In 91 patients (81.3%), the following reasons for the exchange of medication were identified: bone loss (59.8%), adverse events (11.6%), and recent fragility fracture (10.7%). One year after the switch, bone densitometry revealed bone loss in 51 patients (45.5%), bone mass maintenance in 34 (30.4%), and bone mass gain in 27 (24.1%). No new vertebral fracture was detected and no nonvertebral fracture was reported in 12 mo of follow-up. Bone mass outcomes (gain, loss, or maintenance) were not associated with the reason for switching between oral bisphosphonates. Similarly, none of the parameters evaluated could predict good densitometric response (gain or maintenance) in this scenario. Our findings suggest that the use of risedronate should not be recommended in the scenario of treatment failure or adverse events following the use of alendronate.
Keywords Alendronate
bone mineral density
treatment failure
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage New York
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Journal Of Clinical Densitometry. New York, v. 20, n. 1, p. 44-49, 2017.
ISSN 1094-6950 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Inc
Extent 44-49
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000395849400007

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