Coccidioidomycosis and Histoplasmosis in Equines: An Overview to Support the Accurate Diagnosis
Brilhante, Raimunda Samia Nogueira
Bittencourt, Paula Vago
Lima, Rita Amanda Chaves
Oliveira, Jonathas Sales
Camargo, Zoilo Pires [UNIFESP]
Sidrim, Jose Julio Costa
Rocha, Marcos Fabio Gadelha
Is part ofJournal Of Equine Veterinary Science
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Fungal infections of the respiratory tract of horses are not as frequent as those of bacterial and viral origin, often leading to worsening of clinical conditions due to misdiagnosis and incorrect treatment. Coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis are systemic mycoses caused by the dimorphic fungi Coccidioides spp. and Histoplasma capsulatum, respectively, which affect humans and a variety of other animals, including equines. These systemic mycoses of chronic and progressive nature can exhibit clinical manifestations similar to other microbial infections. Thus, this article broadly discusses the epidemiology, etiology, virulence, pathogenesis, clinical presentation, treatment, and diagnostic strategies of coccidioidomycosis and histoplasmosis, to support accurate diagnosis. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
CitationJournal Of Equine Veterinary Science. New York, v. 40, p. 62-73, 2016.
SponsorshipNational Scientific and Technological Research Council
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