Stress, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder in migrants: a comprehensive review

Stress, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder in migrants: a comprehensive review

Author Bustamante, Lineth H. U. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cerqueira, Raphael O. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Leclerc, Emilie Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Brietzke, Elisa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: There is growing evidence supporting the association between migration and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering the growing population of migrants and the particularities of providing culturally sensitive mental health care for these persons, clinicians should be kept up to date with the latest information regarding this topic. The objective of this study was to critically review the literature regarding migration, trauma and PTSD, and mental health services. Methods: The PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French, and indexed from inception to 2017. The following keywords were used: migration, mental health, mental health services, stress, posttraumatic stress disorder, and trauma. Results: Migration is associated with specific stressors, mainly related to the migratory experience and to the necessary process of acculturation occurring in adaptation to the host country. These major stressors have potential consequences in many areas, including mental health. The prevalence of PTSD among migrants is very high (47%), especially among refugees, who experience it at nearly twice the rate of migrant workers. Conclusions: Mental health professionals must be trained to recognize and provide appropriate care for posttraumatic and/or stress-related disorders among migrants.
Keywords PTSD
mental health services
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Sao Paulo
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Revista Brasileira De Psiquiatria. Sao Paulo, v. 40, n. 2, p. 220-225, 2018.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc Brasileira Psiquiatria
Extent 220-225
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Revisão
Web of Science ID WOS:000433346500016
SciELO ID S1516-44462018000200220 (statistics in SciELO)

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