Protective effects of the exopolysaccharide Lasiodiplodan against DNA damage and inflammation induced by doxorubicin in rats: Cytogenetic and gene expression assays
Mello, Michela Bianchi de.
Machado, Carla da Silva
Ribeiro, Diego Luis
Aissa, Alexandre Ferro
Burim, Regislaine Valéria
Alves da Cunha, M. A.
Barcelos, Gustavo Rafael Mazzaron [UNIFESP]
Antunes, Lusânia Maria Greggi
Bianchi, Maria Lourdes Pires
Is part ofToxicology
IUTOX 9th Congress of Toxicology in Developing Countries (CTDC) / 19th Brazilian Congress of Toxicology (CBTox)
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The lasiodiplodan (LS) is a β-(1 → 6)-d-glucan produced by the fungus Lasiodiplodia theobromae and some of the biological activities of LS were reported as hypoglycemic, anticoagulant, anti-proliferative and anticancer action; however, its effects on DNA instability and modulation of gene expression are still unclear. Aims of study were investigate the genotoxic effects of lasiodiplodan, and its protective activity against DNA damage induced by doxorubicin (DXR) and its impact on the expression of genes associated with DNA damage and inflammatory response pathways. Therefore, Wistar rats were treated (15 days) orally with LS (5.0; 10 and 20 mg/kg bw) alone and in combination with DXR (15 mg/kg bw; administrated intraperitoneally on 14th day) as well as their respective controls: distilled water and DXR. Monitoring of DNA damage was assessed by comet and micronucleus (MN) assays and gene expression was evaluated by PCR-Arrays. Treatments with LS alone did not induce disturbances on DNA; when LS was given in combination with DXR, comet and MN formations were reduced to those found in the respective controls. Moreover, LS was able to reduce the disturbances on gene expressions induced by DXR treatment, since the animals that receive LS associated with DXR showed no alteration in the expression of genes related to DNA damage response. Also, DXR induced several up- and down-regulation of several genes associated to inflammatory process, while the animals that received LS + DXR had their gene expression patterns similar to those found in the control group. In conclusion, our results showed that LS did not induce disturbances on DNA stability and significantly reduce the DNA damage and inflammation caused by DXR exposure. In addition, we give further information concerning the molecular mechanisms associated to LS protective effects which seems to be a promising nutraceutical with chemopreventive potential.
CitationToxicology. Clare, v. 376, p. 66-74, 2017.
SponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (Finep)
Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
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