Natural Persulfate Activation for Anthracene Remediation in Tropical Environments

Natural Persulfate Activation for Anthracene Remediation in Tropical Environments

Author Ferreira, Ieda D. Google Scholar
Prieto, Tatiana Google Scholar
Freitas, Juliana G. Google Scholar
Thomson, Neil R. Google Scholar
Nantes, Iseli L. Google Scholar
Bechara, Etelvino J. H. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract In situ chemical oxidation using persulfate is one alternative to remediate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon-contaminated soil

however, oxidation can lead to the formation of toxic and persistent by-products, and treatment efficiency can be dependent on environmental conditions. Temperature and soil matrix properties can dictate reaction rates and pathways, promoting oxidant activation or scavenging the free radicals generated. This research investigated the ability of persulfate to degrade anthracene in tropical environmental conditions. Batch tests were conducted for various persulfate systems (naturally and chelated-iron-activated), with an Oxisol contaminated with anthracene. Electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) was used to identify free radicals formed. Naturally activated persulfate degraded more than 96% of the anthracene and its byproduct anthraquinone after 90 days, considered more toxic and persistent, while the chelated-iron-activated persulfate system used was able to remove 70% of the anthracene. EPR measurements showed the coexistence of SO4 center dot- and (OH)-O-center dot radicals. Sulfate radicals were formed by thermal activation at ambient temperatures (mean of 23.7 degrees C), and (OH)-O-center dot was formed by propagation reactions and hydrolysis in acidic conditions that lead to peroxide formation. In the naturally activated system, anthracene degradation was observed and SO4 center dot- radicals were abundant, indicating that this treatment system can be effective in a typical tropical soil environment.
Keywords Chemical oxidation
Persulfate
Free radicals
Anthracene
Tropical soils
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Dordrecht
Language English
Sponsor Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)
Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo
Grant number CNPq: 401730/2012-3
FAPESP: 2011/12158-2
FAPESP: 06/56530-4
Date 2017
Published in Water Air And Soil Pollution. Dordrecht, v. 228, n. 4, p. -, 2017.
ISSN 0049-6979 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer
Extent -
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-017-3322-8
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000399872600025
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/54818

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