Transplantation of inhibitory precursor cells from medial ganglionic eminence produces distinct responses in two different models of acute seizure induction

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Paiva, Daisylea de Souza [UNIFESP]
Alves Romariz, Simone Amaro [UNIFESP]
Valente, Maria Fernanda [UNIFESP]
Moraes, Luiz Bruno [UNIFESP]
Covolan, Luciene [UNIFESP]
Calcagnotto, Maria Elisa
Longo, Beatriz Monteiro [UNIFESP]
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) is one of the sources of inhibitory interneurons during development. Following transplantation in postnatal developing brain, MGE cells can increase local inhibition suggesting a possible protection to GABAergic dysfunction in brain disorders, such as epilepsy. Since it has been shown that MGE-derived cells harvested as neurospheres are able to suppress seizures, it might be important to investigate whether these protective effects would change in different seizure models. Here, we used pentylenetetrazole(PTZ) and maximal electroshock (MES)-induced seizure models to test whether the transplantation of MGE cells would increase the threshold to trigger acute seizures. When transplanted into the neocortex (layers 3-4) of neonatal mice (postnatal days 3-4), MGE cells were able to survive and were mainly found in piriform cortex, fimbria, and ventricular wall regions. Additionally, the number of GFP + cells found in the brains of mice induced with PTZ and MES differed significantly and suggests proliferation and larger survival rate of MGE-transplanted cells after PTZ, but not MES-induced seizures. Following transplantation, there was a reduction in the number of animals presenting mild and severe seizures induced by PTZ. Furthermore, MGE-cell transplantation was able to increase threshold to seizures induced by PTZ, but was not able to prevent seizure spread induced by MES. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Epilepsy & Behavior. San Diego, v. 70, p. 125-130, 2017.