Kinin receptors of the central-nervous-system of spontaneously hypertensive rats related to the pressor-response to bradykinin
Martins, Domingos Tabajara de Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Fior-Chadi, Debora Rejane [UNIFESP]
Nakaie, Clovis Ryuichi [UNIFESP]
Lindsey, Charles Julian [UNIFESP]
Is part ofBritish Journal Of Pharmacology
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1 Kinin analogues bradykinin (BK), T-kinin, Met-Lys-BK, Lys-Lys-BK, Des-Arg9-BK with agonist activity and D-Arg0-Hyp3-Thi5,8-D-Phe7-BK (DAHTDBK) and Arg9-Leu8-BK with antagonist activity were injected into the posterior portion of the fourth cerebral ventricle of unanaesthetized rats implanted with permanent cannulae and arterial pressure was measured directly from the abdominal aorta.2 The spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were more sensitive than normotensive Wistar rats (NWR) to the pressor effect of BK and other kinin analogues. The SHR did not differ in sensitivity of the pressor response to centrally administered angiotensin II or endothelin-1.3 Experiments with selective kinin agonists and antagonists revealed that in the SHR, as in the NWR, the receptors which mediated the central pressor response are of the BK2 subtype.4 Measurements of the pressor activity of kinins with different degrees of susceptibility to degradation, as well as experiments with kininase inhibitors, enalaprilat and CPP-Ala-Ala-Phe-pAB, suggest that the kininase activity in the central nervous system of SHR is reduced in comparison to that of NWR.5 The SHR also showed increased sensitivity to BK and Lys-Lys-BK, compared with the NWR, when the kinins were injected following the administration of a mixture of the kininase inhibitors, suggesting that mechanisms other than kininase activity may play a role in the increased sensitivity of the SHR to the central pressor action of kinins.6 An in vivo characterization of the kinin receptors which mediate the central pressor response showed that the interaction with DAHTDBK was reversible and of competitive nature. The pA2 in vivo estimated for the kinin receptors of the SHR was 0.7 logarithm units larger than that obtained in the NWR.7 The kinin receptors which mediate the central BK pressor effect in the SHR are to the BK2 subtype and are similar to receptors in the NWR. The increased sensitivity to kinins in the SHR may be explained, at least in part, by their decreased kininase activity. At present it is impossible to conclude whether the difference observed in the pA2 represents an increased affinity of the kinin receptors or can be attributed to differences amongst strains in the enzymatic degradation of the antagonist.
CitationBritish Journal Of Pharmacology. Basingstoke: Stockton Press, v. 103, n. 4, p. 1851-1856, 1991.
Central nervous system
Spontaneously hypertensive rats
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