Retinal function in patients with the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis phenotype

Nenhuma Miniatura disponível
Aparecida Barasnevicius Quagliato, Elizabeth Maria [UNIFESP]
Rocha, Daniel Martins [UNIFESP]
Sacai, Paula Yuri [UNIFESP]
Watanabe, Sung Song [UNIFESP]
Salomao, Solange Rios
Berezovsky, Adriana [UNIFESP]
Título da Revista
ISSN da Revista
Título de Volume
Purpose: To analyze the clinical features, visual acuity, and full-field electroretinogram (ERG) findings of 15 patients with the neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL) phenotype and to establish the role of ERG testing in NCL diagnosis. Methods: The medical records of five patients with infantile NCL, five with Jansky-Bielschowsky disease, and five with juvenile NCL who underwent full-field ERG testing were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Progressive vision loss was the initial symptom in 66.7% of patients and was isolated or associated with ataxia, epilepsy, and neurodevelopmental involution. Epilepsy was present in 93.3% of patients, of whom 86.6% presented with neurodevelopmental involution. Fundus findings ranged from normal to pigmentary/atrophic abnormalities. Cone-rod, rod-cone, and both types of dysfunction were observed in six, one, and eight patients, respectively. Conclusion: In our study, all patients with the NCL phenotype had abnormal ERG findings, and the majority exhibited both cone-rod and rod-cone dysfunction. We conclude that ERG is a valuable tool for the characterization of visual dysfunction in patients with the NCL phenotype and is useful for diagnosis.
Arquivos Brasileiros De Oftalmologia. Sao Paulo, v. 80, n. 4, p. 215-219, 2017.