Intensive care unit: results of the newborn hearing screening

Intensive care unit: results of the newborn hearing screening

Title: Intensive care unit: results of the newborn hearing screening;
Unidade de Terapia Intensiva: resultados da Triagem Auditiva Neonatal
Author Rechia, Inae Costa Google Scholar
Liberalesso, Katia Pase Google Scholar
Melchiors Angst, Otilia Valeria Google Scholar
Mahl, Fernanda Donato Google Scholar
Garcia, Michele Vargas Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Vieira Biaggio, Eliara Pinto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Introduction: Procedures for extending the life of newborns are closely related to potential causes of hearing loss, justifying the identification and understanding of risk factors for this deficiency. Objective: To characterize the population, analyze the frequency of risk factors for hearing loss, and assess the audiological status of infants attended in a Newborn Hearing Screening program (NHS). Methods: This was a retrospective study that analyzed medical records of 140 patients from a neonatal intensive care unit, identifying the frequency of risk factors for hearing loss and audiological status, utilizing transient otoacoustic emissions and brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP). Results: Prematurity was present in 78.87% of cases

45% of the infants were underweight and 73% received ototoxic medication. Audiologically, 11.42% failed the NHS, and 5% of cases failed retest

of these, one had results compatible with hearing loss on BAEP. Conclusion: A higher rate of low birth weight, and prematurity was observed in infants who underwent screening and had an audiological diagnosis by the third month of life. Only one newborn presented a change in audiological status. The authors emphasize the importance of auditory monitoring for all infants, considering this as a high-risk sample for hearing loss. (C) 2015 Associacao Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cervico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Keywords Hearing Loss
Newborn Screening
Intensive Care UnitsIntervention
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Brazilian Journal Of Otorhinolaryngology. Sao paulo, v. 82, n. 1, p. 76-81, 2016.
ISSN 1808-8694 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Assoc brasileira otorrinolaringologia & cirurgia cervicofacial
Extent 76-81
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000371652200012
SciELO ID S1808-86942016000100076 (statistics in SciELO)

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