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Title: Response to immunization in children born to renal transplant recipients using immunosuppressive drugs during gestation
Authors: Dinelli, Maria Isabel Saraiva [UNIFESP]
Ono, Erika [UNIFESP]
Viana, Patricia Oliveira [UNIFESP]
Spina, Fernanda Garcia [UNIFESP]
Weckx, Lily Yin [UNIFESP]
Nunes dos Santos, Amelia Miyashiro [UNIFESP]
de Moraes-Pinto, Maria Isabel [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Immunosuppression
Solid organ transplantation
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Citation: Vaccine. Oxford, v. 34, n. 4, p. 404-407, 2016.
Abstract: The use of immunosuppressive drugs can impair vaccination responses. When used during pregnancy, they may interfere with the development of the fetus's immune system. However, little is known regarding their influence on infant's response to vaccinations. Twenty-seven children born to renal transplant mothers (Tx) taking immunosuppressive drugs and 31 healthy children had the humoral immune response and reactogenicity to tetanus, Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and 7 pneumococcal serotypes evaluated. The evolution of BCG vaccine scar was also registered. Antibodies were measured by ELISA. Lymphocyte immunophenotyping was performed on cord blood and at 7-8 months of age. Among Tx neonates, 82.4% had low B lymphocyte numbers at birth, and 29.4% had also low numbers of other lymphocyte subpopulations. Nevertheless, all children developed protective antibodies with similar antibody concentrations to the control group. Vaccine reactogenicity was similar in both groups and BCG healing was uneventful. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0264-410X
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