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Title: The expression of endothelial and inducible nitric oxide synthase and apoptosis in intestinal ischemia and reperfusion injury under the action of ischemic preconditioning and pentoxifylline
Authors: Ribeiro de Oliveira, Teresinha Regina
de Oliveira, Geraldo Ferreira
Simoes, Ricardo Santos
Feitosa, Suellen Maurim [UNIFESP]
Tikazawa, Eduardo Hiroshi
Monteiro, Hugo Pequeno [UNIFESP]
Fagundes, Djalma Jose [UNIFESP]
Taha, Murched Omar [UNIFESP]
Keywords: Ischemic Preconditioning
Reperfusion Injury
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira
Citation: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira. Sao Paulo, v. 32, n. 11, p. 935-948, 2017.
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the expression of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and apoptosis associated with ischemic preconditioning (IPC) and pentoxifylline (PTX) in intestinal ischemia (I) and reperfusion (R) injury. Methods: Thirty male rats were assigned to 5 groups: (CG), no clamping of the superior mesenteric artery (90 minutes); (IR-SS) saline + ischemia (30 minutes) + reperfusion (60 minutes); (IR-PTX) PTX + ischemia (30 minutes) + reperfusion (60 minutes); (IPC-IR-SS) 5 minutes of ischemia + 5 minutes of reperfusion (IPC) + saline + I(30 minutes)+ R(60 minutes); and (IPC-IR-PTX) IPC + PTX + I(30 minutes)+ R(60 minutes). Results: The application of IPC and PTX showed a significantly lower immunohistochemistry reaction for active caspase-3 (P< 0.05) compared to IR+ SS. The number of cells immunoreactive to BCL-2 was higher in the IR-PTX group (P> 0.05). The NOS-2 expression (qRTPCR) in the IRPTX group (P< 0.05) was higher than the values for the IPC+ IR-SS and IPC-IR-PTX groups. The NOS-3 expression was significantly upper in the IPC-IR-PTX group than in the CG (P< 0.05), the IR-SS (P< 0.05) and the IR-PTX (P< 0.05) groups. Conclusions: The BCL-2 and active caspase-3 showed beneficial effects on PTX and IPC. The expression of NOS-2 and NOS-3 in the IPC and IPC-PTX groups showed no synergistic effect.
ISSN: 0102-8650
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