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Title: The Effects of Histone Deacetylase Inhibition on the Levels of Cerebral Cytokines in an Animal Model of Mania Induced by Dextroamphetamine
Authors: Valvassori, Samira S.
Resende, Wilson R.
Varela, Roger B.
Arent, Camila O.
Gava, Fernanda F.
Peterle, Bruna R.
Dal-Pont, Gustavo C.
Carvalho, Andre F.
Andersen, Monica L. [UNIFESP]
Quevedo, Joao
Keywords: Bipolar disorder
Animal model of mania
Histone deacetylase
Sodium butyrate,valproate
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Humana Press Inc
Citation: Molecular Neurobiology. Totowa, v. 55, n. 2, p. 1430-1439, 2018.
Abstract: Studies have suggested the involvement of inflammatory processes in the physiopathology of bipolar disorder. Preclinical evidences have shown that histone deacetylase inhibitors may act as mood-stabilizing agents and protect the brain in models of mania and depression. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of sodium butyrate (SB) and valproate (VPA) on behavioral changes, histone deacetylase activity, and the levels of cytokines in an animal model of mania induced by dextroamphetamine (d-AMPH). Wistar rats were first given d-AMPH or saline (Sal) for a period of 14 days, and then, between the 8th and 14th days, the rats were treated with SB, VPA, or Sal. The activity of histone deacetylase and the levels of cytokines (interleukin (IL) IL-4, IL-6, and IL-10 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)) were evaluated in the frontal cortex and striatum of the rats. The administration of d-AMPH increased the activity of histone deacetylase in the frontal cortex. Administration of SB or VPA decreased the levels of histone deacetylase activity in the frontal cortex and striatum of rats. SB per se increased the levels of cytokines in both of the brain structures evaluated. AMPH increased the levels of cytokines in both of the brain structures evaluated, and VPA reversed this alteration. The effects of SB on d-AMPH-induced cytokine alterations were dependent on the brain structure and the cytokine evaluated. Despite VPA and SB having a similar mechanism of action, both being histone deacetylase inhibitors, they showed different effects on the levels of cytokines. The present study reinforces the need for more research into histone deacetylase inhibitors being used as a possible target for new medications in the treatment of bipolar disorder.
ISSN: 0893-7648
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