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Title: Aerobic exercise training improves oxidative stress and ubiquitin proteasome system activity in heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats
Authors: Soares de Andrade, Luiz Henrique [UNIFESP]
Almeida Monteiro de Moraes, Wilson Max [UNIFESP]
Matsuo Junior, Eduardo Hiroshi [UNIFESP]
Carvalho de Moura, Elizabeth de Orleans [UNIFESP]
Moreira Antunes, Hanna Karen [UNIFESP]
Montemor, Jairo [UNIFESP]
Antonio, Ednei Luiz [UNIFESP]
Bocalini, Danilo Sales [UNIFESP]
Serra, Andrey Jorge [UNIFESP]
Ferreira Tucci, Paulo Jose [UNIFESP]
Brum, Patricia Chakur
Medeiros, Alessandra [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Univ Sao Judas Tadeu
Univ Nove Julho
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: Hypertension
Aerobic exercise training
Cardiac remodeling
Ubiquitin proteasome system
Oxidative stress
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2015
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry. Dordrecht: Springer, v. 402, n. 1-2, p. 193-202, 2015.
Abstract: The activity of the ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) and the level of oxidative stress contribute to the transition from compensated cardiac hypertrophy to heart failure in hypertension. Moreover, aerobic exercise training (AET) is an important therapy for the treatment of hypertension, but its effects on the UPS are not completely known. the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of AET on UPS's activity and oxidative stress level in heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). A total of 53 Wi-star and SHR rats were randomly divided into sedentary and trained groups. the AET protocol was 59/week in treadmill for 13 weeks. Exercise tolerance test, non-invasive blood pressure measurement, echocardiographic analyses, and left ventricle hemodynamics were performed during experimental period. the expression of ubiquitinated proteins, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), Akt, phospho-Akt(ser473), GSK3 beta, and phospho-GSK3 beta(ser9) were analyzed by western blotting. the evaluation of lipid hydroperoxide concentration was performed using the xylenol orange method, and the proteasomal chymotrypsin-like activity was measured by fluorimetric assay. Sedentary hypertensive group presented cardiac hypertrophy, unaltered expression of total Akt, phospho-Akt, total GSK3 beta and phospho-GSK3 beta, UPS hyperactivity, increased lipid hydroperoxidation as well as elevated expression of 4-HNE but normal cardiac function. in contrast, AET significantly increased exercise tolerance, decreased resting systolic blood pressure and heart rate in hypertensive animals. in addition, the AET increased phospho-Akt expression, decreased phospho-GSK3 beta, and did not alter the expression of total Akt, total GSK3 beta, and ubiquitinated proteins, however, significantly attenuated 4-HNE levels, lipid hydroperoxidation, and UPS's activity toward normotensive group levels. Our results provide evidence for the main effect of AET on attenuating cardiac ubiquitin proteasome hyperactivity and oxidative stress in SHR rats.
ISSN: 0300-8177
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