Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://repositorio.unifesp.br/11600/36352
Title: Sleep is not just for the brain: transcriptional responses to sleep in peripheral tissues
Authors: Anafi, Ron C.
Pellegrino, Renata [UNIFESP]
Shockley, Keith R.
Romer, Micah
Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
Pack, Allan I.
Keywords: Sleep
Circadian Rhythms
Sleep Deprivation
Unfolded Protein Response
Heart
Lung
Synchronization
Issue Date: 2013-05-30
Publisher: Biomed Central Ltd
Citation: Bmc Genomics. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 14, 19 p., 2013.
Abstract: Background: Many have assumed that the primary function of sleep is for the brain. We evaluated the molecular consequences of sleep and sleep deprivation outside the brain, in heart and lung. Using microarrays we compared gene expression in tissue from sleeping and sleep deprived mice euthanized at the same diurnal times.Results: in each tissue, nearly two thousand genes demonstrated statistically significant differential expression as a function of sleep/wake behavioral state. To mitigate the influence of an artificial deprivation protocol, we identified a subset of these transcripts as specifically sleep-enhanced or sleep-repressed by requiring that their expression also change over the course of unperturbed sleep. 3% and 6% of the assayed transcripts showed sleep specific changes in the lung and heart respectively. Sleep specific transcripts in these tissues demonstrated highly significant overlap and shared temporal dynamics. Markers of cellular stress and the unfolded protein response were reduced during sleep in both tissues. These results mirror previous findings in brain. Sleep-enhanced pathways reflected the unique metabolic functions of each tissue. Transcripts related to carbohydrate and sulfur metabolic processes were enhanced by sleep in the lung, and collectively favor buffering from oxidative stress. DNA repair and protein metabolism annotations were significantly enriched among the sleep-enhanced transcripts in the heart. Our results also suggest that sleep may provide a Zeitgeber, or synchronizing cue, in the lung as a large cluster of transcripts demonstrated systematic changes in inter-animal variability as a function of both sleep duration and circadian time.Conclusion: Our data support the notion that the molecular consequences of sleep/wake behavioral state extend beyond the brain to include peripheral tissues. Sleep state induces a highly overlapping response in both heart and lung. We conclude that sleep enhances organ specific molecular functions and that it has a ubiquitous role in reducing cellular metabolic stress in both brain and peripheral tissues. Finally, our data suggest a novel role for sleep in synchronizing transcription in peripheral tissues.
URI: http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/36352
metadata.dc.language.iso: eng
Other Identifiers: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-14-362
metadata.dc.rights: Acesso aberto
metadata.dc.type: Artigo
metadata.dc.format.extent: 19
Appears in Collections:EPM - Artigos

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