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Title: Higher prevalence of morphometric vertebral fractures in patients with recent coronary events independently of BMD measurements
Authors: Silva, Henrique Carriço da [UNIFESP]
Pinheiro, Marcelo M.
Genaro, Patricia S.
Castro, Charlles H. M. [UNIFESP]
Monteiro, Carlos M. C. [UNIFESP]
Fonseca, Francisco A. H. [UNIFESP]
Szejnfeld, Vera Lúcia [UNIFESP]
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: Cardiovascular disease
Coronary events
Bone mineral density
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Bone. New York: Elsevier B.V., v. 52, n. 2, p. 562-567, 2013.
Abstract: Cardiovascular disease and osteoporosis are important causes of morbi-mortality in the elderly and may be mutually related. Low bone mineral density (BMD) may be associated with increased risk of cardiovascular events. We investigated the prevalence of low bone mass and fractures in metabolic syndrome patients with acute coronary events. A case-control study was conducted with 150 individuals (30-80 years-old) with metabolic syndrome. Seventy-one patients had had an acute coronary syndrome episode in the last 6 months (cases) and the remaining 79 had no coronary event (controls). Cases and controls were matched for gender, BMI and age. DXA measurements and body composition were performed while spine radiographs surveyed for vertebral fractures and vascular calcification. Biochemical bone and metabolic parameters were measured in all patients. No statistically significant difference in BMD and the prevalence of osteopenia, osteoporosis and non-vertebral fractures was observed between cases and controls. the prevalence of vertebral fractures and all fractures was higher in the cases (14.1 versus 1.3%, p = 0.003 and 22.5versus7.6%, p = 0.010, respectively). Male gender (OR = 0.22 95% CI 0.58 to 0.83, p = 0.026) and daily intake of more than 3 portions of dairy products (OR = 0.19 95% CI 0.49 to 0.75, p = 0.017) were associated with lower prevalence of fractures. Cases had higher risk for fractures (OR = 4.97, 95% CI 1.17 to 30.30, p = 0.031). Bone mass and body composition parameters were not associated with cardiovascular risk factors or bone mineral metabolism. Patients with fragility fractures had higher OPG serum levels than those without fractures (p<0.001). Our findings demonstrated that patients with recent coronary events have a higher prevalence of vertebral fractures independently of BMD. (C) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 8756-3282
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