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Title: Lysyl oxidase expression and inhibition in uveal melanoma
Authors: Abourbih, Daniel A.
Di Cesare, Sebastian
Orellana, Maria E.
Antecka, Emilia
Martins, Claudia
Petruccelli, Luca A.
Burnier, Miguel N. [UNIFESP]
McGill Univ
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: beta-aminopropionitrile
cobalt chloride
lysyl oxidase
uveal melanoma
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2010
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Citation: Melanoma Research. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, v. 20, n. 2, p. 97-106, 2010.
Abstract: Lysyl oxidase is a marker of poor prognosis in several malignancies and is hypothesized to promote a migratory phenotype in hypoxic breast carcinomas. This study aims to characterize the expression of the lysyl oxidase and lysyl oxidase-like proteins in human uveal melanoma cell lines and archival choroidal melanomas using immunohistochemistry. the transcriptional control of lysyl oxidase will also be investigated under simulated hypoxic conditions using cobalt chloride. Lastly, changes in cellular proliferation and invasion will be assessed after the treatment of cell lines with beta-aminopropionitrile, a lysyl oxidase catalytic inhibitor. Retrospective analysis of lysyl oxidase expression in primary human uveal melanoma showed 82% (27 of 33) of tumors being stained positive. High lysyl oxidase expression correlated with the aggressive epithelioid cell type and was associated with shorter metastasis-free survival. Simulated hypoxia resulted in a significant increase in lysyl oxidase mRNA expression. Inhibiting lysyl oxidase's catalytic activity significantly reduced cellular invasion but had no effect on cell proliferation. Our study is the first to show lysyl oxidase expression in primary choroidal melanomas. This protein may represent a potential therapeutic target that warrants further study in this malignancy. Melanoma Res 20:97-106 (C) 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health vertical bar Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
ISSN: 0960-8931
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