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Title: Ascorbic acid concentration is reduced in the secondary aqueous humour of glaucomatous patients
Authors: Leite, Mauro T. [UNIFESP]
Prata, Tiago S. [UNIFESP]
Kera, Clarissa Z.
Miranda, Denise V.
Moraes Barros, Silvia B. de
Melo, Luiz A. S. [UNIFESP]
New York Eye & Ear Infirm
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Keywords: ascorbic acid
secondary aqueous humour
Issue Date: 1-May-2009
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Citation: Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. Malden: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc, v. 37, n. 4, p. 402-406, 2009.
Abstract: P>Background:We aimed to evaluate the ascorbic acid concentration in secondary aqueous humour (AH) from glaucomatous patients and to compare it with primary AH from primary open-angle glaucoma patients and non-glaucomatous patients.Methods:Primary AH samples were prospectively obtained from clinically uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma patients and senile cataract patients (controls) prior to trabeculectomy and cataract surgery. Secondary AH samples were obtained from eyes with previous intraocular surgery, prior to trabeculectomy or cataract surgery. AH (0.1 mL) was aspirated by inserting a 26-gauge needle into the anterior chamber just before surgery and then immediately stored at -80 degrees C. the ascorbic acid concentration was determined in a masked fashion by high-pressure liquid chromatography.Results:A total of 18 patients with senile cataract, 16 glaucomatous patients with primary AH (no previous intraocular surgery) and 11 glaucomatous patients with secondary AH (previous intraocular surgery) were included. There was no difference in mean age between groups (P = 0.15). the mean +/- standard deviation concentration of ascorbic acid in the secondary AH from glaucomatous patients (504 +/- 213 mu mol/L [95% confidence interval {CI}, 383-624]) was significantly lower than the concentration of ascorbic acid found in the primary aqueous of primary open-angle glaucoma (919 +/- 427 mu mol/L [95% CI, 709-1128]) and control patients (1049 +/- 433 mu mol/L [95% CI, 848-1249]; P < 0.01, Kruskal-Wallis test).Conclusions:The ascorbic acid concentration in secondary AH of glaucomatous patients was approximately twofold lower in comparison with primary AH of glaucomatous and cataract patients. the implications of a reduced concentration of ascorbic acid in the secondary AH deserve further investigation.
ISSN: 1442-6404
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