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Title: Identification, cloning and functional characterization of a novel dermonecrotic toxin (phospholipase D) from brown spider (Loxosceles intermedia) venom
Authors: Appel, Marcia Helena
Silveira, Rafael Bertoni da [UNIFESP]
Chaim, Olga Meiri [UNIFESP]
Paludo, Katia Sabrina
Silva, Dilza Trevisan
Chaves, Daniele M.
Silva, Paulo Henrique da
Mangili, Oldernir C.
Senff-Ribeiro, Andrea
Gremski, Waldemiro
Nader, Helena B. [UNIFESP]
Veiga, Silvio Sanches
Univ Fed Parana
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Catholic Univ
Keywords: dermonecrotic toxin
phospholipase D
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2008
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-general Subjects. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 1780, n. 2, p. 167-178, 2008.
Abstract: Brown spider bites are associated with lesions including dermonecrosis, gravitational spreading and a massive inflammatory response, along with systemic problems that may include hematological disturbances and renal failure. the mechanisms by which the venom exerts its noxious effects are currently under investigation. It is known that the venom contains a major toxin (dermonecrotic toxin, biochemically a phospholipase D) that can experimentally induce dermonecrosis, inflammatory response, animal mortality and platelet aggregation. Herein, we describe cloning, heterologous expression, purification and functionality of a novel isoform of the 33 kDa dermonecrotic toxin. Circular dichroism analysis evidenced correct folding for the toxin. the recombinant toxin was recognized by whole venom serum antibodies and by a specific antibody to a previously described dermonecrotic toxin. the identified toxin was found to display phospholipase activity and dermonecrotic properties. Additionally, the toxin caused a massive inflammatory response in rabbit skin dermis, evoked platelet aggregation, increased vascular permeability, caused edema and death in mice. These characteristics in combination with functional studies for other dermonecrotic toxins illustrate that a family of dermonecrotic toxins exists, and includes a novel member with high activity that may be useful for future structural and functional studies. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0304-4165
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