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Title: NADPH oxidase and enhanced superoxide generation in intrauterine undernourished rats: involvement of the renin-angiotensin system
Authors: Franco, Maria do Carmo Pinho [UNIFESP]
Akamine, E. H.
Di Marco, Giovana Seno [UNIFESP]
Casarini, Dulce Elena [UNIFESP]
Tostes, RCA
Carvalho, MHC
Nigro, D.
Universidade de São Paulo (USP)
Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Keywords: angiotensin
endothelial function
gene expression
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2003
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Cardiovascular Research. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 59, n. 3, p. 767-775, 2003.
Abstract: Objective: We previously reported that intrauterine undernutrition increased the oxidative stress by decreasing superoxide dismutase activity. in the present study, we tested whether NADPH oxidase, xanthine oxidase, cyclooxygenase or nitric oxide synthase are responsible for the increased O-2(-) generation observed in rats submitted to intrauterine undernutrition. in addition, we investigated the 2 effect of angiotensin II (ANG II on O-2(-) production via activation of NADPH oxidase. Methods: Female pregnant Wistar rats were fed either normal or 50% of the normal intake diets, during the whole gestational period. At 16 weeks of age, the rats were used for the study of intravital fluorescence microscopy; microvascular reactivity, local ANG II concentration and AT(1), p22(phox) and gp91(phox) gene expression. in this study only the male offspring was used. Results: Treatment of mesenteric arterioles with the xanthine oxidase inhibitor oxypurinol, the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NAME or the cyclooxygenase, inhibitor diclofenac did not significantly change superoxide production. Thus, these vascular sources of superoxide were not responsible for the increased superoxide concentration. in contrast, treatment with the NADPH oxidase inhibitor apocynin significantly decreased superoxide generation and improved vascular function. On the other hand, intrauterine undernutrition did not alter the gene expression for p22(phox) and gp91(phox). the fact that the local ANG II concentration was increased and the attenuation of oxidative stress by blocking AT, receptor with losartan, led us to suggest that ANG II induces O-2 generation in intrauterine undernourished rats. Conclusion: Our study shows that NADPH oxidase inhibition attenuated superoxide anion generation and ameliorated vascular function in rats submitted to intrauterine undernutrition. Although it is not clear which mechanisms are responsible for the increase in NADPH oxidase activity, a role for ANG II-mediated superoxide production via activation of NADPH oxidase is suggested. (C) 2003 European Society of Cardiology. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0008-6363
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