Evaluation of the Baudoin Condylar Index Diagnostic Test for Sex Determination

dc.contributor.authorGaldames, Ivan Claudio Suazo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorMatamala, Daniela Zavando [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorRusso, Priscila [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Ricardo Luiz [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniv Talca
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institutionUniv Autonoma Chile
dc.description.abstractThis article analyzes the performance of diagnostic tests for sex determination by examining human skulls, using the Baudoin condylar index. For this study, 215 skulls were examined, and the maximum dimensions (length and width) of the right and left occipital condyles, were noted. With these data, we calculated the Baudoin condylar index and determined the level of agreement between the values for the left and the right side, the sensitivity of the method, the accuracy of the tests and the positive predictive value for each sex. The level of agreement in the diagnosis based on both sides was 65.58% (of which 83.09% were of women, and 63.88% were of men). The overall accuracy was 41.39%, and a greater sensitivity was seen in women (52.1% right side and 64.78% left). The positive predictive value was higher in male skulls (77.6% right side, left side 76.68%). These results question the usefulness of the Baudoin condylar index for the diagnosis of sex and discuss the usefulness of their applicability in forensic and anthropological practice.en
dc.description.affiliationUniv Talca, Talca, Chile
dc.description.affiliationUniv Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Autonoma Chile, Santiago, Chile
dc.description.affiliationUnifespUniv Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morfol & Genet, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal Of Morphology. Temuco: Soc Chilena Anatomia, v. 28, n. 1, p. 171-174, 2010.
dc.publisherSoc Chilena Anatomia
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal Of Morphology
dc.rightsAcesso aberto
dc.subjectSexual dimorphismen
dc.subjectSex determinationen
dc.subjectOccipital condylesen
dc.subjectBaudoin Indexen
dc.subjectCondylar indexen
dc.titleEvaluation of the Baudoin Condylar Index Diagnostic Test for Sex Determinationen
dc.title.alternativeEvaluación de la Prueba Diagnóstica Índice Condíleo de Baudoin para Determinación del Sexoes