Neuromuscular training and muscle strengthening in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a protocol of randomized controlled trial

dc.contributor.authorRabelo, Nayra Deise dos Anjos
dc.contributor.authorLima, Bruna
dc.contributor.authorReis, Amir Curcio dos
dc.contributor.authorBley, Andre Serra
dc.contributor.authorYi, Liu Chiao [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorFukuda, Thiago Yukio [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorCosta, Leonardo Oliveira Pena
dc.contributor.authorLucareli, Paulo Roberto Garcia
dc.contributor.institutionUniv Nove Julho
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institutionIrmandade Santa Casa Misericordia
dc.contributor.institutionUniv Cidade São Paulo
dc.contributor.institutionGeorge Inst Global Hlth
dc.description.abstractBackground: Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is a common musculoskeletal condition, particularly among women. Patients with PFPS usually experience weakness in the gluteal muscles, as well as pain and impaired motor control during activities of daily living. Strengthening the hip muscles is an effective way of treating this disorder. Neuromuscular training has also been identified as a therapeutic tool, although the benefits of this intervention in patients with PFPS patients remain inconclusive.Design: This is a protocol of randomized controlled trial with a blind assessor. Thirty-four women with a clinical diagnosis of PFPS participated. These participants were allocated into two groups (experimental and control). the experimental group performed twelve sessions to strengthen the knee extensors, hip abductor and lateral rotator muscles in association with neuromuscular training of the trunk and lower extremities. the control group performed the same number of sessions to strengthen the muscles of the hip and knee. the primary outcome was functional capacity (Anterior Knee Pain Scale - AKPS) at 4 weeks. Pain intensity, muscle strength and kinematic changes were also measured during the step down test after four weeks of intervention. Follow up assessments were conducted after three and six months to assess functional capacity and pain. the effects of the treatment (i.e. between-group differences) were calculated using mixed linear models.Discussion: the present study was initiated on the 1st of April 2013 and is currently in progress. the results of this study may introduce another effective technique of conservative treatment and could guide physical therapists in the clinical decision-making process for women with PFPS.en
dc.description.affiliationUniv Nove Julho, Dept Rehabil Sci, Human Mot Anal Lab, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniversidade Federal de São Paulo, BR-11060000 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationIrmandade Santa Casa Misericordia, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Cidade São Paulo, Masters & Doctoral Programs Phys Therapy, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationGeorge Inst Global Hlth, Musculoskeletal Div, Sydney, NSW, Australia
dc.description.affiliationUnifespUniversidade Federal de São Paulo, BR-11060000 São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science
dc.identifier.citationBmc Musculoskeletal Disorders. London: Biomed Central Ltd, v. 15, 10 p., 2014.
dc.publisherBiomed Central Ltd
dc.relation.ispartofBmc Musculoskeletal Disorders
dc.rightsAcesso aberto
dc.subjectAnterior knee painen
dc.titleNeuromuscular training and muscle strengthening in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome: a protocol of randomized controlled trialen
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