DNA polymerase beta from Trypanosoma cruzi is involved in kinetoplast DNA replication and repair of oxidative lesions

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Schamber-Reis, Bruno Luiz Fonseca
Nardelli, Sheila Cristina [UNIFESP]
Regis-Silva, Carlos Gustavo
Campos, Priscila Carneiro
Cerqueira, Paula Gonçalves
Lima, Sabrina Almeida
Franco, Gloria Regina
Macedo, Andréa Mara
Pena, Sergio Danilo Junho
Cazaux, Christophe
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Specific DNA repair pathways from Trypanosoma cruzi are believed to protect genomic DNA and kinetoplast DNA (kDNA) from mutations. Particular pathways are supposed to operate in order to repair nucleotides oxidized by reactive oxygen species (ROS) during parasite infection, being 7,8-dihydro-8oxoguanine (8oxoG) a frequent and highly mutagenic base alteration. If unrepaired, 8oxoG can lead to cytotoxic base transversions during DNA replication. in mammals, DNA polymerase beta (Pol beta) is mainly involved in base excision repair (BER) of oxidative damage. However its biological role in T. cruzi is still unknown. We show, by immunofluorescence localization, that T. cruzi DNA polymerase beta (Tcpol beta) is restricted to the antipodal sites of kDNA in replicative epimastigote and amastigote developmental stages, being strictly localized to kDNA antipodal sites between G1/S and early G2 phase in replicative epimastigotes. Nevertheless, this polymerase was detected inside the mitochondrial matrix of trypomastigote forms, which are not able to replicate in culture. Parasites over expressing Tcpol beta showed reduced levels of 8oxoG in kDNA and an increased survival after treatment with hydrogen peroxide when compared to control cells. However, this resistance was lost after treating Tcpol beta overexpressors with methoxiamine, a potent BER inhibitor. Curiously, a presumed DNA repair focus containing Tcpol beta was identified in the vicinity of kDNA of cultured wild type epimastigotes after treatment with hydrogen peroxide. Taken together our data suggest participation of Tcpol beta during kDNA replication and repair of oxidative DNA damage induced by genotoxic stress in this organelle. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology. Amsterdam: Elsevier B.V., v. 183, n. 2, p. 122-131, 2012.