Prevalence of Cocaine Use in Brazil: Data from the II Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (BNADS)

dc.contributor.authorAbdalla, Renata Rigacci [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorMadruga, Clarice S. [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorRibeiro, Marcelo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorPinsky, Ilana [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorCaetano, Raul
dc.contributor.authorLaranjeira, Ronaldo [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.institutionUniversidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.date.accessioned2016-01-24T14:35:03Z
dc.date.available2016-01-24T14:35:03Z
dc.date.issued2014-01-01
dc.description.abstractObjective: To determine the current prevalence rates of cocaine use and dependence in a representative sample of the Brazilian population, and to investigate possible associations with sociodemographic factors.Method: the Second Brazilian Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS) interviewed 4607 individuals aged 14 years and older from the Brazilian household population including an oversample of 1157 adolescents (14 to 18 years old). the survey gathered information on alcohol, tobacco and illegal substances use as well as on risk factors for abuse and dependence. the Severity of Dependence Scale was used to evaluate cocaine dependence rates among users.Results: Last year consumption of crack-cocaine was 22% in the overall population excluding the elderly group. Lifetime and last year prevalence rate of snorted cocaine was 3.9% and 1.7%, respectively. Smoked cocaine use in Brazil was estimated in 15% for lifetime and 0.8% for last year use. Cocaine addiction was identified in 41.4% between users in the prior year.Conclusions: the prevalence rates of snorted and smoked cocaine in Brazil suggests that the country is amongst the nations with greatest annual consumption rates becoming one of the biggest consumer markets of cocaine worldwide. Prevention and treatment policies should take this into consideration and strengthen the focus on cocaine use in the country. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.affiliationFed Univ São Paulo UNIFESP, Natl Inst Policies Alcohol & Drugs INPAD, Dept Psychiat, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifespFed Univ São Paulo UNIFESP, Natl Inst Policies Alcohol & Drugs INPAD, Dept Psychiat, São Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science
dc.description.sponsorshipConselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)
dc.description.sponsorshipCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
dc.format.extent297-301
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.019
dc.identifier.citationAddictive Behaviors. Oxford: Pergamon-Elsevier B.V., v. 39, n. 1, p. 297-301, 2014.
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.019
dc.identifier.issn0306-4603
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/37235
dc.identifier.wosWOS:000329560300041
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.
dc.relation.ispartofAddictive Behaviors
dc.rightsAcesso restrito
dc.rights.licensehttp://www.elsevier.com/about/open-access/open-access-policies/article-posting-policy
dc.subjectCocaineen
dc.subjectCracken
dc.subjectHousehold surveyen
dc.subjectEpidemiologyen
dc.subjectAddictionen
dc.titlePrevalence of Cocaine Use in Brazil: Data from the II Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (BNADS)en
dc.typeArtigo
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