Association between Knops blood group polymorphisms and susceptibility to malaria in an endemic area of the Brazilian Amazon

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2011-01-01
Autores
Fontes, Aparecida Maria
Kashima, Simone
Bonfim-silva, Ricardo
Azevedo, Rochele
Abraham, Kuruvilla Joseph
Albuquerque, Sérgio Roberto Lopes
Bordin, Jose Orlando [UNIFESP]
Langhi Júnior, Dante Mário
Covas, Dimas Tadeu
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Complement receptor 1 (CR1) gene polymorphisms that are associated with Knops blood group antigens may influence the binding of Plasmodium parasites to erythrocytes, thereby affecting susceptibility to malaria. The aim of this study was to evaluate the genotype and allele and haplotype frequencies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of Knops blood group antigens and examine their association with susceptibility to malaria in an endemic area of Brazil. One hundred and twenty-six individuals from the Brazilian Amazon were studied. The CR1-genomic fragment was amplified by PCR and six SNPs and haplotypes were identified after DNA sequence analysis. Allele and haplotype frequencies revealed that the Kn b allele and H8 haplotype were possibly associated with susceptibility to Plasmodium falciparum. The odds ratios were reasonably high, suggesting a potentially important association between two Knops blood antigens (Kn b and KAM+) that confer susceptibility to P. falciparum in individuals from the Brazilian Amazon.
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Genetics and Molecular Biology. Sociedade Brasileira de Genética, v. 34, n. 4, p. 539-545, 2011.