Exposure to maltreatment and urban violence in children working on the streets in São Paulo, Brazil: factors associated with street work

Exposure to maltreatment and urban violence in children working on the streets in São Paulo, Brazil: factors associated with street work

Author Mello, Andrea Feijó Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Maciel, Mariana R. Google Scholar
Fossaluza, Victor Google Scholar
Paula, Cristiane Silvestre de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Grassi-Oliveira, Rodrigo Google Scholar
Cavalcante-Nóbrega, Luciana Porto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Cividanes, Giuliana C. Google Scholar
Soussumi, Yusaku Google Scholar
Soussumi, Sonia P. Google Scholar
Perissinotti, Dirce N.m. Google Scholar
Bordin, Isabel Altenfelder Santos Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marcelo Feijó de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Universidade Presbiteriana Mackenzie Graduate Program in Developmental Disorders
Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS) Graduate Department of Psychology
RUKHA Institute and Center for Studies and Research in Neuropsychoanalysis (CEINP)
Abstract Objective: To quantitatively study the exposure to childhood maltreatment and urban violence in children from families with at least one child working on the streets and to investigate the relationship between these factors and street work. Methods: Families who participated in a nongovernmental organization (NGO) program to eliminate child labor were included. Data concerning sociodemographic characteristics, punishment methods used in the family environment against the children, five types of abuse and neglect perpetrated by the caregivers, urban violence exposure and family functioning were collected. Results: The sample included 126 children who were working on the streets and 65 siblings who were not working on the streets. Caregivers reported high levels of severe physical punishment. The children reported high levels of abuse and neglect, and high levels of urban violence exposure. The families showed a predominance of dysfunctional and unsatisfactory relationships. A multiple logistic regression model showed that age older than 12 years and severe physical punishment at home were associated with street work. Conclusion: Interventions to decrease the risk of child street work should be family-focused and should aim to reduce violence in the family environment.
Keywords Street children
child abuse
child maltreatment
family functioning
urban violence
Language English
Date 2014-09-01
Published in Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria. Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP, v. 36, n. 3, p. 191-198, 2014.
ISSN 1516-4446 (Sherpa/Romeo)
Publisher Associação Brasileira de Psiquiatria - ABP
Extent 191-198
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2013-1185
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
SciELO ID S1516-44462014000300191 (statistics in SciELO)
URI http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/8577

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