Caffeine intake by patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
Vendramini, Larissa Collis [UNIFESP]
Nishiura, José Luiz [UNIFESP]
Baxmann, Alessandra Calábria [UNIFESP]
Heilberg, Ita Pfeferman [UNIFESP]
Is part ofBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
MetadataShow full item record
Because caffeine may induce cyst and kidney enlargement in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), we evaluated caffeine intake and renal volume using renal ultrasound in ADPKD patients. Caffeine intake was estimated by the average of 24-h dietary recalls obtained on 3 nonconsecutive days in 102 ADPKD patients (68 females, 34 males; 39 ± 12 years) and compared to that of 102 healthy volunteers (74 females, 28 males; 38 ± 14 years). The awareness of the need for caffeine restriction was assessed. Clinical and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records of the patients. Mean caffeine intake was significantly lower in ADPKD patients versus controls (86 vs 134 mg/day), and 63% of the ADPKD patients had been previously aware of caffeine restriction. Caffeine intake did not correlate with renal volume in ADPKD patients. There were no significant differences between the renal volumes of patients in the highest and lowest tertiles of caffeine consumption. Finally, age-adjusted multiple linear regression revealed that renal volume was associated with hypertension, chronic kidney disease stage 3 and the time since diagnosis, but not with caffeine intake. The present small cross-sectional study indicated a low level of caffeine consumption by ADPKD patients when compared to healthy volunteers, which was most likely due to prior awareness of the need for caffeine restriction. Within the range of caffeine intake observed by ADPKD patients in this study (0-471 mg/day), the renal volume was not directly associated with caffeine intake.
CitationBrazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research. Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica, v. 45, n. 9, p. 834-840, 2012.
SponsorshipCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES)
- EPM - Artigos