Is exercise an alternative treatment for chronic insomnia?

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dc.contributor.author Passos, Giselle Soares [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Poyares, Dalva Lucia Rollemberg [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Santana, Marcos Gonçalves de [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.author Mello, Marco Tulio de [UNIFESP]
dc.date.accessioned 2015-06-14T13:43:31Z
dc.date.available 2015-06-14T13:43:31Z
dc.date.issued 2012-01-01
dc.identifier http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2012(06)17
dc.identifier.citation Clinics. Faculdade de Medicina / USP, v. 67, n. 6, p. 653-660, 2012.
dc.identifier.issn 1807-5932
dc.identifier.uri http://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/6889
dc.description.abstract The purposes of this systematic/critical review are: 1) to identify studies on the effects of exercise on chronic insomnia and sleep complaints in middle-aged and older adults and to compare the results of exercise with those obtained with hypnotic medications and 2) to discuss potential mechanisms by which exercise could promote sleep in insomniac patients. We identified studies from 1983 through 2011 using MEDLINE, SCOPUS and Web of Science. For systematic analyses, only studies assessing the chronic effects of exercise on sleep in people with sleep complaints or chronic insomnia were considered. We used the following keywords when searching for articles: insomnia, sleep, sleep complaints, exercise and physical activity. For a critical review, studies were selected on the effects of exercise and possible mechanisms that may explain the effects of exercise on insomnia. We identified five studies that met our inclusion criteria for systematic review. Exercise training is effective at decreasing sleep complaints and insomnia. Aerobic exercise has been more extensively studied, and its effects are similar to those observed after hypnotic medication use. Mechanisms are proposed to explain the effects of exercise on insomnia. There is additional documented evidence on the antidepressant and anti-anxiety effects of exercise. Exercise is effective to decrease sleep complaints and to treat chronic insomnia. Exercise presented similar results when compared with hypnotics; however, prospective studies comparing the effects of exercise with medical and non-medical treatments are warranted before including exercise as a first-line treatment for chronic insomnia are necessary. en
dc.description.sponsorship Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
dc.description.sponsorship Associacao Fundo de Incentivo a Pesquisa (AFIP)
dc.description.sponsorship Centro de Estudos em Psicobiologia e Exercicio (CEPE)
dc.description.sponsorship Centros de Pesquisa, Inovacao e Difusao (CEPID/FAPESP)
dc.format.extent 653-660
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Faculdade de Medicina / USP
dc.relation.ispartof Clinics
dc.rights Acesso aberto
dc.subject Insomnia en
dc.subject Sleep en
dc.subject Sleep Complaints en
dc.subject Exercise en
dc.subject Physical Activity en
dc.title Is exercise an alternative treatment for chronic insomnia? en
dc.type Artigo
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
dc.contributor.institution Universidade Federal de Goias
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP) Departamento de Psicobiologia
dc.description.affiliation Universidade Federal de Goias
dc.description.affiliationUnifesp UNIFESP, Depto. de Psicobiologia
dc.identifier.file S1807-59322012000600017.pdf
dc.identifier.scielo S1807-59322012000600017
dc.identifier.doi 10.6061/clinics/2012(06)17
dc.description.source SciELO
dc.identifier.wos WOS:000305982700017



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