PPG - Gestão de Política e Organizações Públicas

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    Os Sistemas Únicos como estratégia de coordenação federativa: reflexos da relação intergovernamental nas políticas públicas de saúde e educação do Estado de São Paulo
    (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2020-02-18) Oliveira, Vivian Satiro De [UNIFESP]; Branco, Marcello Simao [UNIFESP]; Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    Recent studies on Brazilian federative model have led to a decrease in relevance of the state entity (in here, the concept of state is used as province). In the foreground, this feature is attributed to the federative architecture adopted since the Federal Constitution of 1988, which delegates to States an indistinct scope of action compared to the entities of the municipalities and the Union. In addition, there are coordination gaps in vertically implemented public policies, which does not support the necessary protagonism for states being effective in implementation of cooperative public policies at local level. Since the 1990s, public policy systems inaugurated a new arrangement for intergovernmental relationship, mainly in the formulation and implementation phases of social policies. In this context, this work aims, based on Federalism theory and on the experience of the State of São Paulo, to discuss the shared institutional aspects about cooperation in two distinct systems: the Unique Health System, certainly the most successful portrait of public policy system implemented in the country, and the National Education System, which, although not formally established, is a priority agenda of the educational sector for decades.
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    Governança Pública no contexto de Cidades Inteligentes: Uma revisão sistemática de literatura
    (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2020-03-13) Souza, Talita Bottas De Oliveira E [UNIFESP]; Bueno, Ricardo Luiz Pereira [UNIFESP]; Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    This study aimed to investigate how public governance performs in order to promote the process of transforming cities to a smarter level - measured and identified by the various indicators’ platforms, which were considered in the research. With this objective, a Systematic Literature Review - SLR was carried out. This method enabled the selection of 106 scientific articles, with open access, published in English, in the period from 2015 to 2019. Based on the selected literature content analysis, public governance was investigated in smart cities setting, through its different constitutive components, which were categorized into five dimensions and eighteen constructs. The results have shown that Public Governance in Smart Cities setting is identified as a catalyst for the city's transformation process and as the essential factor for coordinating the tangle of demands, the collaboration, the participation and, the technological resources, with the aim of ensuring that appropriate decisions are made, implemented, and evaluated, in order to achieve public value. The results discussion was illustrated by the author´s experiences in the public sector report, with the objective of presenting a critical discussion of what was identified in the theoretical study. Thence, a synthesis of the research results was proposed to comprehensively show the process of smart cities implantation. Finally, a Checklist, which contemplates the requirements and the necessary measures of each category to enable the process of transforming cities to a more intelligent level in a more effective way, was suggested to public managers and other urban actors. It is concluded that the multidimensional system evinces the importance of all dimensions and constructs, highlighting Public Governance in Smart Cities setting and their backgrounding factors; that the relationship between dimensions must not necessarily follow a linear function; that the smart city has all its dimensions integrated; that it is relevant to establish a strategy for associating the various stakeholders in the process of smart cities implementation and, at last, that cities must have a long-term vision in order to achieve intelligence.
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    Gestão de risco e controle interno: uma abordagem nas unidades de Controladoria da Universidade Federal de São Paulo
    (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2019-07-12) Coelho, Renan Eduardo [UNIFESP]; Fernandes, Francisco Carlos [UNIFESP]; Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
    This study analyzes the adjustment and application of practices of risk management and internal controls in controllership units of the Federal University of São Paulo, based on the methodology of Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of The Treadway Commission - COSO. The study is a (field) survey using quantitative methods. The focus and the proceedings are descriptive and bibliographic. There was a questionnaire made in person related to their profiles, also related to practices of risk management and internal controls used in controllership units from Unifesp, perception of those risks and their satisfaction to the controls and, finally, improvement suggestions. The sample was composed by the administrative technical servers in education, dotted on controllership units of Federal University of São Paulo. Among 14 subjects, the sample was composed by 10 complete interviews, having a 71.43% of participation. To analyze the data there has been a matrix of importance and performance, based on Slack's matrix technique. The results show crucial elements of risk management and internal controls used on the controllership units of UNIFESP, such as: the improvement of controls judged as fail and the maintenance of the opne channel of cummunication among all the organization levels. However, there is also an excessive focus in accordancy and few elements that point the definition of appetite to the risk in the units studied. Also, the results emphasized that the financial risks are the ones that affect the most the controllership units of UNIFESP and the legal risks for the servants were the ones with more satisfaction in relation to their controls. There are also some limitations in the study, as the universe of subjects who involved only the administrative technical servers in education of the controllership units of the University. Accordingly to this one, ther is other limitation related to the interviewed perspective, for the opinion of only one person may not reflect the complete reality.
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    Ranking da Transparência do Ministério Público Federal: Análise entre os Municípios mais Transparentes de São Paulo
    (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2019-08-05) Silva, Erico Gustavo Tomaz Da [UNIFESP]; Hollnagel, Heloisa Candia [UNIFESP]; Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
    This study aims to develop a comparative analysis among the most transparent municipalities of the State of São Paulo, based on a research, which originate the Brazilian ranking of transparency published by the Federal Public Ministry. Based on the work team composed by several control and inspection agencies, called the National Strategy to Combat Corruption and Money Laundering, a form was created based on Law 12,527 / 2011 (Law on Access to Information) , Law No. 101/2000 (Fiscal Responsibility Law), Decree No. 7,195 / 2010 (which provides for the minimum quality standard of the integrated financial administration and control system, within each Federation body), and with some items that are considered good transparency practices. The research highlighted several devices for active and passive transparency and the strong presence of indicators describing access to information and transparency consistent with legal and normative instruments. The methodology adopted in this work is the study of multiple cases, which aims to understand in depth the ways and strategies pursued by these municipalities to achieve such satisfactory levels of public transparency. The results indicated that the coercive power of the MPF, through public civil actions, extrajudicial and judicial actions, was a determining factor, in a short time, 120 days, so that the index of transparency in the Brazilian municipalities and states could be improved. The survey also found that the most transparent municipalities are not among the eight richest in the state of São Paulo, as evidenced in this sample, that the economic factor and the complexity of the administrative structure may not be a determining factor for Public Management to become more transparent. Furthermore, this study contributes to highlight the procedures and strategies that may be useful to municipalities that have not yet reached what was expected in the construction and improvement of their transparency portal.
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    Judicialização da Educação Infantil - uma análise dos acórdãos do Tribunal de Justiça de São Paulo
    (Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), 2019-12-16) Benedicto, Danilo Augusto Barbosa [UNIFESP]; Leister, Ana Carolina Correa Da Costa [UNIFESP]; Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP)
    The objective of the present work is to verify if the foundations contained in the judgments of the TJ-SP concerning the access of children to the daycare center follow the assumptions of justice of John Rawls, in casu, the principle of greater equal freedom and the principle of difference. This questioning arises from the observation that those children who obtain access to the nursery in court “break the line” of a classification in order of demand made by the City Hall. Therefore, two types of process are analyzed, the individual, on the one hand, and the collective, on the other. As a prognosis, it is suggested that collective process are better able to satisfy Rawls' principles of justice, avoiding privileging some to the detriment of the community.