POSITIVE EFFECTS OF A STRESS REDUCTION PROGRAM BASED ON MINDFULNESS MEDITATION IN BRAZILIAN NURSING PROFESSIONALS: QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION

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2016
Autores
dos Santos, Teresa Maria [UNIFESP]
Kozasa, Elisa Harumi [UNIFESP
Carmagnani, Isabel Sampaio [UNIFESP]
Tanaka, Luiza Hiromi [UNIFESP]
Lacerda, Shirley Silva
Nogueira-Martins, Luiz Antonio [UNIFESP]
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Context: Mindfulness meditation has been shown to effectively mitigate the negative effects of stress among nursing professionals, but in countries like Brazil, these practices are relatively unexplored. Objective: To evaluate the effects of a Stress Reduction Program (SRP) including mindfulness and loving kindness meditation among nursing professionals working in a Brazilian hospital setting. Design: Pilot study with a mixed model using quantitative and qualitative methods was used to evaluate a group of participants. The quantitative data were analyzed at three different time points: pre-intervention, post-intervention, and follow-up. The qualitative data were analyzed at post-intervention. Setting: Hospital Sao Paulo (Brazil). Participants: Sample 13 nursing professionals, including nurses, technicians, and nursing assistants working in a hospital. Intervention: Participants underwent mindfulness and loving kindness meditation during a period of six weeks. Instruments: Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), Self-Compassion Scale (SCS), WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment, and Work Stress Scale (WSS). Qualitative data were collected via a group interview following six weeks participation in the SRP. Results: The quantitative analyses revealed a significant reduction (P<.05) between pm-intervention and post intervention scores for perceived stress, burnout, depression, and anxiety (trait). These variables showed no significant differences between post-intervention and follow-up scores. The WHOQOL-BREF revealed significant increase (P<.05) just in the physical and psychological domains at post intervention scores, which remained at the follow-up. Qualitative results showed improvement in the reactivity to inner experience; a more attentive perception of internal and external experiences; greater attention and awareness of actions and attitudes at every moment; and a positive influence of the SRP in nursing activities.
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Explore-The Journal Of Science And Healing. New York, v. 12, n. 2, p. 90-99, 2016.
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