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dc.contributor.authorRodrigues, Juliana
dc.contributor.authorSantin, Fernanda
dc.contributor.authorBarbosa Brito, Flavia Santos
dc.contributor.authorCarrero, Juan Jesus
dc.contributor.authorLindholm, Bengt
dc.contributor.authorCuppari, Lilian [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorAvesani, Carla Maria
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Renal Nutrition. Philadelphia, v. 26, n. 2, p. 65-71, 2016.
dc.description.abstractObjectives: Diagnosing obesity by body mass index (BMI) may not be reliable in elderly individuals due to the changes in body composition. We aimed to analyze the accuracy of BMI thresholds by World Health Organization (WHO) and Nutrition Screening Initiative (NSI) to diagnose obesity in elderly patients on hemodialysis (HD). Design: Multicenter cross-sectional study. Setting: Six dialysis facilities. Subjects: 169 elderly on chronic HD (70.4 +/- 7.1 years; 63.9% men). Main Outcome Variable: Total body fat percentage (BF%) was assessed by the sum of skinfold thicknesses and abdominal fat by waist circumference (WC). Both were used as reference to test the specificity and sensitivity of BMI thresholds (WHO: >= 30 kg/m(2); NSI: >27 kg/m(2)). Results: The prevalence of obesity according to NSI-BMI, WHO-BMI, BF%, and WC thresholds were 31%, 13%, 27%, and 29.6% in men, respectively, and 36%, 15%, 13%, and 75% in women. Compared to BF%, the sensitivity of NSI-BMI was moderate (65.5%) for men and high (100%) for women, whereas that of WHO-BMI was low (31%) for men and high (87.5%) for women. Compared with WC, NSI-BMI had good (75%) sensitivity for men and moderate (47.8%) for women, whereas WHO-BMI had moderate (43.8%) sensitivity for men and low (19.6%) for women. The best agreement with BF% was observed for NSI-BMI in men (kappa = 0.46) and for WHO-BMI in women (kappa = 0.80). For WC, the best agreement was for WHO-BMI for men (kappa = 0.63) and NSI-BMI for women (kappa = 0.31). Conclusions: BMI thresholds do not accurately diagnose adiposity in elderly on HD. Therefore, using BMI may lead to misclassifications in this segment population. (C) 2016 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved.en
dc.description.sponsorshipFundacao Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)
dc.description.sponsorshipCoordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
dc.description.sponsorshipFundacao de Amparo e Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)
dc.description.sponsorshipBaxter Healthcare
dc.publisherW B Saunders Co-Elsevier Inc
dc.relation.ispartofJournal Of Renal Nutrition
dc.rightsAcesso restrito
dc.titleSensitivity and Specificity of Body Mass Index as a Marker of Obesity in Elderly Patients on Hemodialysisen
dc.description.affiliationUniv Estado Rio De Janeiro, Nutr & Hlth Nutr Inst, Grad Program Food, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationKarolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Div Renal Med & Baxter Novum, Stockholm, Sweden
dc.description.affiliationUniv Estado Rio De Janeiro, Inst Nutr, Dept Social Nutr, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Fed Sao Paulo, Div Nephrol, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUniv Estado Rio De Janeiro, Inst Nutr, Dept Appl Nutr, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationUnifespUniv Fed Sao Paulo, Div Nephrol, Sao Paulo, Brazil
dc.description.sponsorshipIDFAPERJ: E-26/111.653/2010
dc.description.sponsorshipIDFAPERJ: E-26/103.209/2011
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science

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