Conditions for successful local resource management: lessons from a Brazilian small-scale trawling fishery

Conditions for successful local resource management: lessons from a Brazilian small-scale trawling fishery

Author Serafini, Thiago Zagonel Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Medeiros, Rodrigo Pereira Google Scholar
Andriguetto-Filho, Jose Milton Google Scholar
Abstract Conditions for successful common-pool resources management institutions have been systematized by Elinor Ostrom as a set of "design principles for robust governance". The comparison of two attempts to developing a local informal managing institution for shrimp trawling, 30 years apart (the late 1970s and 2010 attempts), and in the same community (therefore, the same socioecological system-SES) in Southern Brazil, provides a convenient ground to test the hypothesis that the degree of success of each attempt is related to the degree of adherence to Ostrom's principles. Moreover, the comparison allows investigating how conditions and changes in the SES affect management institutions. Our institutional analysis showed that the 1970s attempt followed a local rule that best fitted almost all principles, which may explain its relative success and longer-lasting activity. However, changes such as the emergence of new technologies and increased fishing activity gradually led to an erosion of the local rule. A low level of group cohesion, regional socioeconomic changes, increased fishing effort, and lack of legal provisions for fishers to develop local managing institutions were the main factors that led to institutional failure in the two evaluated attempts. Additionally, the lack of ability to adapt to changing conditions weakened the continuity of the management regime. Although Brazil has created new fishery co-management policies, strategies to enable institutions at local levels are urgently needed for improved performance.
Keywords Small-scale fishery
Commons governance
Local institutions
Trawling fishery
Southern Brazil
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Heidelberg
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Regional Environmental Change. Heidelberg, v. 17, n. 1, p. 201-212, 2017.
ISSN 1436-3798 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Springer Heidelberg
Extent 201-212
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000394157300016

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