Contraceptive practices in women with sickle-cell disease

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Carvalho, Natalia da Silva [UNIFESP]
Braga, Josefina Pellegrini [UNIFESP]
Barbieri, Marcia [UNIFESP]
Torloni, Maria Regina [UNIFESP]
Figueiredo, Maria Stella [UNIFESP]
Guazzelli, Cristina Aparecida Falbo [UNIFESP]
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This was a cross-sectional study of sexually active women with sickle-cell disease (SCD) managed at SAo Paulo Federal University during a one-year period. A total of 54 women were included. Mean age was 32.0 (11.2, standard deviation) years and almost 95% were black or of mixed racial ancestry. Almost 80% reported a history of multiple blood transfusions, 50% had kidney disease and 17% had a history of thrombosis. Over 80% of them had used some form of contraception, mostly combined hormonal contraceptive (52%) or progestin-only contraceptives (46%). Although most women had multiple comorbidities which would contraindicate the use of combined hormonal contraceptives, this was the most popular method used by them. We did not identify an association between the use of combined hormonal contraceptives and major complications. Larger, prospective studies are needed to evaluate the use and the effects of contraceptive methods in women with SCD.
Journal Of Obstetrics And Gynaecology. Philadelphia, v. 37, n. 1, p. 74-77, 2017.