Incremental exercise test for the evaluation of peak oxygen consumption in paralympic swimmers

Incremental exercise test for the evaluation of peak oxygen consumption in paralympic swimmers

Author Souza, Helton de Sa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Alves, Eduardo da Silva Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ortega, Luciana Google Scholar
Silva, Andressa Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Esteves, Andrea Maculano Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Schwingel, Paulo Adriano Google Scholar
Vital, Roberto Google Scholar
Rocha, Edilson Alves da Google Scholar
Rodrigues, Bruno Google Scholar
Lira, Fabio Santos de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Tufik, Sergio Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mello, Marco Tulio de Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract BACKGROUND: Peak oxygen consumption (VO(2)peak) is a fundamental parameter used to evaluate physical capacity. The objective of this study was to explore two types of incremental exercise tests used to determine VO(2)peak in four Paralympic swimmers: arm ergometer testing in the laboratory and testing in the swimming pool. METHODS: On two different days, the VO(2)peak values of the four athletes were measured in a swimming pool and by a cycle ergometer. The protocols identified the VO(2)peak by progressive loading until the volitional exhaustion maximum was reached. The results were analyzed using the paired Student's t-test, Cohen's d effect sizes and a linear regression. RESULTS: The results showed that the VO(2)peak values obtained using the swimming pool protocol were higher (P=0.02) than those obtained by the arm ergometer (45.8 +/- 19.2 vs. 30.4 +/- 15.5

P=0.02), with a large effect size (d=3.20). When analyzing swimmers 1, 2, 3 and 4 individually, differences of 22.4%, 33.8%, 60.1% and 27.1% were observed, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Field tests similar to the competitive setting are a more accurate way to determine the aerobic capacity of Paralympic swimmers. This approach provides more sensitive data that enable better direction of training, consequently facilitating improved performance.
Keywords Exercise test
Sports for Persons with disabilities
Disabled Persons
Atheletes
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Turin
Language English
Date 2016
Published in Journal Of Sports Medicine And Physical Fitness. Turin, v. 56, n. 4, p. 368-375, 2016.
ISSN 0022-4707 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Edizioni Minerva Medica
Extent 368-375
Origin https://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/sports-med-physical-fitness/article.php?cod=R40Y2016N04A0368
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000377234200004
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/56092

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