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dc.contributor.authorBlay, Sergio Luis [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorFillenbaum, Gerda G.
dc.contributor.authorMello, Marcelo Feijó de [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorQuintana, Maria Inês [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorMari, Jair de Jesus [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorBressan, Rodrigo Affonseca [UNIFESP]
dc.contributor.authorAndreoli, Sergio Baxter [UNIFESP]
dc.identifier.citationJournal Of Affective Disorders. Amsterdam, v. 232, p. 204-211, 2018.
dc.description.abstractBackground: Estimating 12-month prevalence of depression, anxiety, and comorbid anxiety/depression in noninstitutionalized adults (age 15-75) in two violence-prone cities. Methods: The Composite International Diagnostic Interview v2.1 (Portuguese), administered in population-representative surveys (age 15-75) in Sao Paulo (N = 2536) and Rio de Janeiro (N = 1208), yielded 12-month prevalence of violent events experienced, and DSM-IV diagnoses of depression and anxiety, which were classified into mutually exclusive groups: 1) no anxiety/depressionen
dc.description.abstract2) anxiety onlyen
dc.description.abstract3) depression onlyen
dc.description.abstract4) comorbid anxiety/depression. Weighted analyses estimated 12-month prevalence, multinomial logistic regression compared the demographic characteristics of the diagnosis groups, and association with experienced violence. Results: Twelve-month prevalence of anxiety alone, depression alone, and comorbid anxiety/depression was 12.7% (of whom 24.9% were also depressed), 4.9% (of whom 46.2% had anxiety), and 4.2% respectively for Sao Pauloen
dc.description.abstractand 12.1% (18.2% of whom were depressed), 4.6% (37.0% with anxiety), and 2.7% respectively for Rio de Janeiro. All conditions were approximately twice as prevalent in women than in men in both cities. In Sao Paulo, comorbidity was associated with age under 60, depression alone was more prevalent among 30-59 year olds, but in 23-29 year-olds in Rio de Janeiro. Exposure to violence increased the odds of anxiety, depression, and their comorbidity. With rare exception, marital status, education, and race/ethnicity were not associated with anxiety, depression, or their comorbidity. Limitations: Cross-sectional design. Conclusions: Prevalence rates for all conditions were high, and particularly associated with exposure to violence. Means to ameliorate violence, and its mental health effects, particularly for women, are needed.en
dc.description.sponsorshipState of Sao Paulo Funding Agency (FAPESP)
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute on Aging
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq - Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico)
dc.description.sponsorshipResearch grant (Bolsista de Produtividade em Pesquisa)
dc.publisherElsevier Science Bv
dc.relation.ispartofJournal Of Affective Disorders
dc.rightsAcesso restrito
dc.subjectComorbid anxiety and depressionen
dc.subjectEpidemiological surveyen
dc.subjectCommunity-representative sampleen
dc.title12-month prevalence and concomitants of DSM-IV depression and anxiety disorders in two violence-prone cities in Brazilen
dc.description.affiliationUniv Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, UNIFESP, Dept Psychiat, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
dc.description.affiliationDuke Univ, Med Ctr, Ctr Study Aging & Human Dev, Durham, NC 27710 USA
dc.description.sponsorshipIDFAPESP: 2004/15039-0
dc.description.sponsorshipIDFAPESP: 16/02246-5
dc.description.sponsorshipIDCNPq: 420122/2005-2
dc.description.sponsorshipIDCNPq: 307077/2013-6
dc.description.sponsorshipIDNIA: 1P30 AG028716
dc.description.sponsorshipIDCNPq: 305274/2014-7
dc.description.sponsorshipIDCNPq: 303389/2016-8
dc.description.sponsorshipIDCNPq: 1 303042/2009-5
dc.description.sourceWeb of Science
dc.citation.volumev. 232

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