Ten-year evolution of suicide rates and economic indicators in large Brazilian urban centers

Ten-year evolution of suicide rates and economic indicators in large Brazilian urban centers

Author Asevedo, Elson Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ziebold, Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Diniz, Elton Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gadelha, Ary Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Mari, Jair de Jesus Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Purpose of reviewThis was a retrospective ecological study to examine the relationship between suicide rates and economic indicators in large Brazilian urban centers. Data on macroeconomic indicators (GDP and unemployment rates) and suicide rates of the largest Brazilian cities were collected from January 2006 to December 2015.Recent findingsSix cities were included in the study: Porto Alegre in the South, Recife and Salvador in the Northeast, and Belo Horizonte, SAo Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in the Southeast region. We observed a 4% increase in the age-adjusted suicide rate in these large Brazilian urban centers from 2006 to 2015, which is less pronounced than the 9% increase in the national rates of suicide observed in the same period.SummaryThe effect of economic indicators was heterogeneous among the centers, but, overall, the variation in suicide rates was inversely related to unemployment and did not show a significant relationship with GDP. These findings indicate a more complex link between economics and suicide whenever looking at local regional indicators. Further research should focus on possible intervening factors, what may inform better preventive interventions.
Keywords economic indicators
suicide rates
unemployment
urban mental health
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Philadelphia
Language English
Sponsor Global Mental Health Program, Columbia University, New York, USA
Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq)
Date 2018
Published in Current Opinion In Psychiatry. Philadelphia, v. 31, n. 3, p. 265-271, 2018.
ISSN 0951-7367 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Extent 265-271
Origin https://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/wk/yco/2018/00000031/00000003/art00015?crawler=true&mimetype=application/pdf
Access rights Closed access
Type Revisão
Web of Science ID WOS:000429436900014
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/55607

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