Hemoencephalography self-regulation training and its impact on cognition: A study with schizophrenia and healthy participants

Hemoencephalography self-regulation training and its impact on cognition: A study with schizophrenia and healthy participants

Author Gomes, J. S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ducos, D. V. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Gadelha, Ary Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Ortiz, B. B. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Van Deusen, M. Google Scholar
Akiba, H. T. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Guimaraes, L. S. P. Google Scholar
Cordeiro, Q. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Trevizol, A. P. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Lacerda, A. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Dias, A. M. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Cognitive impairments in schizophrenia are strongly correlated to functional outcome and recovery rates, with no pharmacological agent approved for its treatment. Neurofeedback has emerged as a non-pharmacological approach to enhance neuroplasticity, which consists in inducing voluntary control of brain responses through operant conditioning. Method: The effects of hemoencephalography neurofeedback (HEG-NFBK) in 4 brain sites (F7, Fp1, Fp2 and F8) was studied in 8 patients with schizophrenia (SCH, mean age 36.5 +/- 9.98) and 12 health controls (mean age 32.17 +/- 5.6). We analyzed groups' performance (10 sessions) and cognitive differences in 3 time points (baseline, after training and follow-up) with generalized estimated equations. For SCH we also evaluate the impact on psychopathology. Results: We found a group * time interaction for HEG-NFBK performance in the left hemisphere sites (F7 an Fp1) and a near-to-significant in the right frontotemporal region (F8), with no group differences and a significant time effect. Most of cognitive domains improved after intervention, including information processing speed, attention processing, working memory, executive functioning, verbal and visual learning. No group * time interaction was found. Results suggest that both groups benefit from HEG-NFBK training regardless of cognitive differences at baseline. No significant time effects were found for Calgary and PANSS total scale and subscales (positive, negative neither general). Conclusion: To our knowledge, this is the first controlled trial showing effects of NFBK on cognitive performance improvement in schizophrenia. Further research investigating the effects of HEG-NFBK training in schizophrenia should be performed. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Schizophrenia
Non-invasive brain stimulation
Hemoencephalography neurofeedback
Neurofeedback
Psychosis
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Amsterdam
Language English
Date 2018
Published in Schizophrenia Research. Amsterdam, v. 195, p. 591-593, 2018.
ISSN 0920-9964 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv
Extent 591-593
Origin http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.schres.2017.08.044
Access rights Closed access
Type Letter
Web of Science ID WOS:000432466700102
URI https://repositorio.unifesp.br/handle/11600/55565

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