Serum Amyloid A Production Is Triggered by Sleep Deprivation in Mice and Humans: Is That the Link between Sleep Loss and Associated Comorbidities?
de Oliveira, Edson M.
Visniauskas, Bruna [UNIFESP]
Tufik, Sergio [UNIFESP]
Andersen, Monica L. [UNIFESP]
Chagas, Jair R. [UNIFESP]
Is part ofNutrients
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Serum amyloid A (SAA) was recently associated with metabolic endotoxemia, obesity and insulin resistance. Concurrently, insufficient sleep adversely affects metabolic health and is an independent predisposing factor for obesity and insulin resistance. In this study we investigated whether sleep loss modulates SAA production. The serum SAA concentration increased in C57BL/6 mice subjected to sleep restriction (SR) for 15 days or to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 72 h. Sleep restriction also induced the upregulation of Saa1.1/Saa2.1 mRNA levels in the liver and Saa3 mRNA levels in adipose tissue. SAA levels returned to the basal range after 24 h in paradoxical sleep rebound (PSR). Metabolic endotoxemia was also a finding in SR. Increased plasma levels of SAA were also observed in healthy human volunteers subjected to two nights of total sleep deprivation (Total SD), returning to basal levels after one night of recovery. The observed increase in SAA levels may be part of the initial biochemical alterations caused by sleep deprivation, with potential to drive deleterious conditions such as metabolic endotoxemia and weight gain.
CitationNutrients. Basel, v. 9, n. 3, p. -, 2017.
SponsorshipFundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP)
Coordenacao de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES)
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico (CNPq)
Associacao Fundo de Incentivo a Pesquisa (AFIP)
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