Associations Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Overweight With Academic Performance in 12-Year-Old Brazilian Children

Associations Between Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Overweight With Academic Performance in 12-Year-Old Brazilian Children

Author de Almeida Santana, Carla Caroliny Google Scholar
Farah, Breno Quintella Google Scholar
de Azevedo, Liane Beretta Google Scholar
Hill, James O. Google Scholar
Gunnarsdottir, Thrudur Google Scholar
Botero, Joao Paulo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
do Prado, Edna Cristina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
do Prado, Wagner Luiz Google Scholar
Abstract Obesity has been associated with poor academic achievement, while cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has been linked to academic success. Purpose: To investigate whether CRF is associated with academic performance in Brazilian students, independently of body mass index (BMI), fatness and socioeconomic status (SES). Methods: 392 5th and 6th grade students (193 girls) (12.11 +/- 0.75 years old) were evaluated in 2012. Skinfold thickness measures were performed, and students were classified according to BMI-percentile. CRF was estimated by a 20-meter shuttle run test, and academic achievement by standardized math and Portuguese tests. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to explore the association between academic performance and CRF, adjusted for SES, skinfold thickness or BMI-percentile. Results: Among girls CRF was associated with higher academic achievement in math (beta = 0.146;p =.003) and Portuguese (beta = 0.129;p =.004) in crude and adjusted analyses. No significant association was found among boys. BMI was not associated with overall academic performance. There was a weak negative association between skinfold thickness and performance in mathematics in boys (beta = -0.030;p =.04), but not in girls. Conclusion: The results highlight the importance of maintaining high fitness levels in girls throughout adolescence a period commonly associated with reductions in physical activity levels and CRF.
Keywords aerobic fitness
academic achievement
physical education
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Champaign
Language English
Sponsor Foundation of Support to Science and Technology of the Pernambuco State
Date 2017
Published in Pediatric Exercise Science. Champaign, v. 29, n. 2, p. 220-227, 2017.
ISSN 0899-8493 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Human Kinetics Publ Inc
Extent 220-227
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000400723000008

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