Auditory behavior and auditory temporal resolution in children with sleep-disordered breathing

Auditory behavior and auditory temporal resolution in children with sleep-disordered breathing

Author Leite Filho, Carlos Alberto Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
da Silva, Fabio Ferreira Google Scholar
Pradella-Hallinan, Marcia Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Xavier, Sandra Doria Google Scholar
Miranda, Monica Carolina Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Pereira, Liliane Desgualdo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Objective: Intermittent hypoxia caused by obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) may lead to damage in brain areas associated to auditory processing. The aim of this study was to compare children with OSAS or primary snoring (PS) to children without sleep-disordered breathing with regard to their performance on the Gaps-in-Noise (GIN) test and the Scale of Auditory Behaviors (SAB) questionnaire. Methods: Thirty-seven children (6-12 years old) were submitted to sleep anamnesis and in-lab nightlong polysomnography. Three groups were organized according to clinical criteria: OSAS group (13 children), PS group (13 children), and control group (11 children). They were submitted to the GIN test and parents answered SAB questionnaire. The Kruskal-Wallis statistical test was used to compare the groups

p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The OSAS group performed significantly worse than PS (p = 0.011) and Control (p = 0.029) groups on gap detection percentage, while PS and Control groups showed no significant differences. The three groups showed similar gap detection thresholds. Regarding SAB questionnaire, PS group had significantly worse scores when compared to Control (p = 0.011), but not to OSAS (p = 0.101) groups. No statistical difference between OSAS and Control groups were found. Conclusion: Children with OSAS showed worse performance on GIN test in comparison to children with PS and children without sleep-disordered breathing. PS negatively affected auditory behavior in children. These findings suggest that sleep-disordered breathing may lead to auditory behavior impairment. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords Auditory perception
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage Amsterdam
Language English
Date 2017
Published in Sleep Medicine. Amsterdam, v. 34, p. 90-95, 2017.
ISSN 1389-9457 (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Elsevier Science Bv
Extent 90-95
Access rights Closed access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000402353400014

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