Impact of a Blended Web-Based Mindfulness Programme for General Practitioners: a Pilot Study
Demarzo, Marcelo [UNIFESP]
de Mon, Melchor Alvarez
Is part ofMindfulness
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General practitioners (GPs) report high levels of distress. This study examined whether a brief blended web-based mindfulness intervention could be effective at enhancing well-being for GPs and assessed the possible mediating role of awareness. An open uncontrolled trial, with pre-post measurements, was conducted. The programme comprised one face-to-face meeting (4 h) and eight online practice sessions with no support (two weekly sessions over 4 weeks). The primary outcome was positive affect (PANAS-positive). The secondary outcomes were as follows: negative affect (PANAS-negative), awareness (MAAS), resilience (CDRISC), and the burnout subtypes (BCSQ-12). Mixed-effects analysis for repeated measures and mediation analysis by regression models were performed. Two hundred ninety Spanish GPs took part in the study, attending the face-to-face meeting. Nearly one out 10 participants (n = 28) completed 'one weekly practice', and 10.4% (n = 30) accomplished 'two or more weekly practices'. There were benefits for those with 'two or more weekly practices' in PANAS-positive (B = 2.97p = 0.007), and MAAS (B = 4.65p = 0.023). We found no benefits for those with 'one weekly practice' in any of the outcomes. There were mediating effects of MAAS in PANAS-positive (explaining a 60.8% of total effects). A brief blended mindfulness intervention, with minimum face-to-face contact and web-based practice sessions, seems to confer improvements in the well-being of Spanish GPs. The benefits may be mediated by awareness. The implementation of this kind of programme might enhance the well-being among GPs, but there is a need to improve adherence to practice. Further research using randomized controlled designs will be needed to support the evidence found in our study.
CitationMindfulness. Dordrecht, v. 9, n. 1, p. 129-139, 2018.
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