Crack cocaine users views regarding treatment with contingency management in Brazil

Crack cocaine users views regarding treatment with contingency management in Brazil

Author Miguel, Andre Q. C. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Madruga, Clarice S. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Simoes, Viviane Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Yamauchi, Rodolfo Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
da Silva, Claudio J. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abdalla, Renata R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
McDonell, Michael Google Scholar
McPherson, Sterling Google Scholar
Roll, John M. Google Scholar
Mari, Jair J. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Laranjeira, Ronaldo R. Autor UNIFESP Google Scholar
Abstract Background: Contingency management ( CM) has recently shown efficacy in promoting abstinence and retention in treatment among crack cocaine users in Brazil. However, partially because of unawareness and resistance among health care providers, CM has not been widely employed. The objective of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis in order to evaluate how CM participants perceive their treatment experience. Methods: Twenty-seven crack cocaine users, previously assigned to 12 weeks of CM treatment, were assessed with a structured questionnaire designed to assess their personal opinion of, difficulty in understanding, and acceptance of the CM intervention, as well as their opinion regarding its impact on their treatment responses. Results: Descriptive analyses showed that 92.6% of the participants found it very easy to understand the CM protocol. All participants reported liking their CM experience quite a bit. For the perceived effects of CM on their treatment response, 81.5% of the participants stated that CM helped them considerably, the mean score for the impact of CM on treatment response (out of a maximum of 10) being 9 (SD = 1.5). When asked if they believed CM could help other people with crack cocaine dependence, 92.6% of the participants stated that CM could help such people a lot and 7.4% stated that it could help them a little. Conclusions: From the perspective of the patients, CM was easily assimilated, easily accepted, and had a direct positive effect on treatment response. These findings provide additional support for the incorporation of CM into substance abuse treatment services in Brazil.
Keywords Crack cocaine
Contingency management
Behavioral treatment
Ambulatory treatment
Treatment acceptance
xmlui.dri2xhtml.METS-1.0.item-coverage London
Language English
Sponsor Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa de Sao Paulo
Clinical Trials Network Pacific Northwest Node from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Grant number FAPESP: 2011/01469-7, 2013/04138-7, 2017/05371-8
NIDA: 5 U10 DA013714-10
Date 2018
Published in Substance Abuse Treatment Prevention And Policy. London, v. 13, p. -, 2018.
ISSN 1747-597X (Sherpa/Romeo, impact factor)
Publisher Biomed Central Ltd
Extent -
Access rights Open access Open Access
Type Article
Web of Science ID WOS:000425101300001

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